Germaniya



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Federal Republic of Germany

ERDANOV JASUR MM53i

  • population-83mln
  • Official language- german
  • Religion-58% Christianity, 5% islam and others
  • National holidy-3rd october
  • Currency-Euro
  • Germany includes 16 constituent states
  • area -357,386 square kilometres

Gdp(nominal)-

  • Driving side-right
  • Calling code-+49
  • Internet tld- .de and .eu
  • GDP(PPP)-

 Total

$4.444 trillion(5rd)

• Per capita

$52,559 (16th)

• Total

$3.863 trillion (5th)

• Per capita

$46,653 (16th)

Federal Yerlar

Poytaxti

Yuzasi(km²)

Aholisi(2)

1

Baden-Vyurtemberg

Stuttgart

35.751,65

10.717.000

2

Bavariya

Myunhen

70.549,19

12.444.000

3

Berlin

(1)

891,75

3.388.000

4

Brandenburg

Potsdam

29.477,16

2.568.000

5

Bremen

Bremen(1)

404,23

663.000

6

Hamburg

(1)

755,16

1.735.000

7

Hessen

Visbaden

21.114,72

6.098.000

8

Meklenburg-Old Pomeraniya

Schwerin

23.174,17

1.720.000

9

Quyi Saksoniya

Hannover

47.618,24

8.001.000

10

Shimoliy Reyn-Vestfaliya

Dyusseldorf

34.042,52

18.075.000

11

Reynland-Pfalz

Mains

19.847,39

4.061.000

12

Saarland

Saarbrücken

2.568,65

1.056.000

13

Saksoniya

Drezden

18.414,82

4.296.000

14

Saksoniya-Anhalt

Magdeburg

20.445,26

2.494.000

15

Shlesvig-Holshtein

Kiel

15.763,18

2.829.000

16

Turingiya

Erfurt

16.172,14

2.355.000

(1) Berlin va Hamburg shaharlari ham yer, ham shahar hisoblanishadi; Bremen ham xutdi shunday va unga Bremenhaven ham kiradi.  (2) Stichtag: 31. Dezember 2004 

.

population

  • Urbanization -85 %
  • Density -232/km2
  • 76.4% Germans
  • 3.4% Turks
  • 1.7% Russians
  • 15.9% Other
  • 2.6% Poles

Germany has a social market economy with a highly skilled labour force, a large capital stock, a low level of corruption,and a high level of innovation. It is the world's third largest exporter of goods, and has the largest national economy in Europe which is also the world's fourth largest by nominal GDP and the fifth one by PPP.

  • Germany has a social market economy with a highly skilled labour force, a large capital stock, a low level of corruption,and a high level of innovation. It is the world's third largest exporter of goods, and has the largest national economy in Europe which is also the world's fourth largest by nominal GDP and the fifth one by PPP.
  • The service sector contributes approximately 71% of the total GDP (including information technology), industry 28%, and agriculture 1%.The unemployment rate published by Eurostat amounts to 4.7% in January 2015, which is the lowest rate of all 27 EU member states.With 7.1% Germany also has the lowest youth unemployment rate of all EU member states.According to the OECD Germany has one of the highest labour productivity levels in the world.

industry

  • Industry and construction accounted for 30.7% of gross domestic product in 2017, and employed 24.2% of the workforce.Germany excels in the production of automobiles, machinery, electrical equipment and chemicals. With the manufacture of 5.2 million vehicles in 2009, Germany was the world's fourth largest producer and largest exporter of automobiles. German automotive companies enjoy an extremely strong position in the so-called premium segment, with a combined world market share of about 90%.

Small- to medium-sized manufacturing firms (Mittelstand companies) which specialize in technologically advanced niche products and are often family-owned form a major part of the German economy. It is estimated that about 1500 German companies occupy a top three position in their respective market segment worldwide. In about two thirds of all industry sectors German companies belong to the top three competitors.

  • Small- to medium-sized manufacturing firms (Mittelstand companies) which specialize in technologically advanced niche products and are often family-owned form a major part of the German economy. It is estimated that about 1500 German companies occupy a top three position in their respective market segment worldwide. In about two thirds of all industry sectors German companies belong to the top three competitors.
  • Germany is the only country among the top five arms exporters that is not a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council.

Of the world's 500 largest stock-market-listed companies measured by revenue in 2010, the Fortune Global 500, 37 are headquartered in Germany. 30 Germany-based companies are included in the DAX, the German stock market index. Well-known global brands are Mercedes-Benz, BMW, SAP, Siemens, Volkswagen, Adidas, Audi, Allianz, Porsche, Bayer, BASF, Bosch, and Nivea.

  • Of the world's 500 largest stock-market-listed companies measured by revenue in 2010, the Fortune Global 500, 37 are headquartered in Germany. 30 Germany-based companies are included in the DAX, the German stock market index. Well-known global brands are Mercedes-Benz, BMW, SAP, Siemens, Volkswagen, Adidas, Audi, Allianz, Porsche, Bayer, BASF, Bosch, and Nivea.
  • Germany is recognised for its specialised small and medium enterprises, known as the Mittelstand model. Around 1,000 of these companies are global market leaders in their segment and are labelled hidden champions.[77]

agriculture

  • Agriculture in Germany represents only a minor sector of the national economy as the number of employees has rapidly declined since the 19th century Industrialisation periodand again, drastically during the 20th century. By 1989 agriculture amounted to only 1.6 percent of the West German GDP. Although the percentage of the agricultural sector of the East German GDP was twice as high, its total proportion of the reunited Germany's GDP amounted to only about two percent. Despite the sector's relatively small work force, that continues to decline in the 21st century and the mere 0.9 percent value share in the national GDP (2007), its use of more than half of the country's surface area, its impact on the environment and its fundamental connection to health issues, makes it politically very important.[3] As one of the four largest producers in the European Union, large scale outdoor vegetable cultivation, such as potatoes and cereals accounts for the highest output

Transport

  • railways — 91,4 thousand km
  • Automobile routes — 496,6 thousand km
  • The biggest airports — Frankfurtmayn shahrida. Other big airports: Berlin — Tegel,ShenefeldBremenHamburgGannoverDrezdenDyusseldorf, Kyoln /Bonn, Leypsig, Myunxen, Nyurnberg, Saarbryukken va Shtutgart.
  • Water routes — 7467 km.
  • Basic sea ports: Hamburg, Bre-menBremerxafen, Vilgelmsxafen, Rostok

tourism

  • Germany is the seventh most visited country in the world, with a total of 407 million overnights during 2012. This number includes 68.83 million nights by foreign visitors. In 2012, over 30.4 million international tourists arrived in Germany. Berlin has become the third most visited city destination in Europe. Additionally, more than 30% of Germans spend their holiday in their own country, with the biggest share going to Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Domestic and international travel and tourism combined directly contribute over EUR43.2 billion to German GDP. Including indirect and induced impacts, the industry contributes 4.5% of German GDP and supports 2 million jobs (4.8% of total employment).

Export and import

  • Germany mainly exports cars, machine tools, cars, chemicals and electrical appliances. It imports raw materials, electrical equipment and textiles. Main customers in foreign trade: France, Italy, Great Britain, the Netherlands, Belgium, USA, Russia, Luxembourg.
  • German exports and imports of goods set a record in 2017. According to the German Federal Statistical Office, exports increased by 6.3% to 1.279 trillion euros. The share of EU countries in total exports amounted to 750 billion euros.

uzbekistan-germany

  • Uzbek-German relations were established in 1992. Today, 112 enterprises with German investors operate in the country, 27 of which have 100% German capital. Representative offices of 36 firms and companies of the Federal Republic of Germany are registered with the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations, Investments and Trade.

Educational system:

  • Compulsory education - from 6 to 18 years
  • A total of 12 years of compulsory educationEducational system- 9+3
  • It is noteworthy that in Germany a great deal of attention is paid to the education of children, as in Japan, and if they are behind in school, parents immediately hire a tutor.

Ludwig Maximilian university of munich

  • The number students- more than 50thousand
  • Faculities – 18
  • Annual budget- 1billion euro
  • The number of specialists-more than 160
  • place- 61st in the world
  • Rektor-Bernd Xuber
  • Professors- more than 700

What is the secret of the development of the German economy?

According to world experts, the German miracle is based on the idea of ​​giving full freedom to small business and private entrepreneurship, as well as its full support.

According to the German Federal Statistical Office, there are now about 3.5 million small businesses in the country. That means 80 percent of all businesses in the country. The majority of small businesses are family businesses, earning an average of € 700,000 a year. It should be noted that about 70% of the country's population works in this field. This sector accounts for 41% of the country's taxes and half of its GDP.

conclusion

  • In short, Germany has become one of the most developed countries in the world today. The role of economic and social reforms in Germany in achieving today's level is enormous. We can see this through strict procedures in each area.

offer

  • There is a lot we can learn from Germany. One of them is the German banking and credit system. The German credit system is based on the principle that the population benefits from borrowing. In other words, German citizens who want to start a small business in the country can easily get a soft state loan of up to 50 thousand euros for a period of 20 years. The entrepreneur will benefit from this loan for the first 2 years. During this period, no repayment is made for the loan taken from the bank, no interest is paid. For the next 8 years, bank loans will be repaid at a preferential rate of 4-5% per annum. The amount of debt will be repaid after 11 years. In addition, the government will fund research projects of up to 40,000 euros. This, in turn, allows for a wide range of innovations in the economy.
  • My suggestion is that Uzbekistan needs to develop a system that supports such entrepreneurship and the interests of the population.

Thank you for your attention

  • ERDANOV JASUR MM53i

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