Epilepsy and epileptic syndrome



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Epileptic status. Epileptic status is an acute condition characterized by a 30-minute follow-up of epileptic seizures. The main factors contributing to the development of epileptic status:

• Sudden discontinuation of antiepileptic drugs.

• Mistakes made when switching from one drug to another.

• Taking medications that aggravate epileptic seizures.

• Brain injuries, subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracranial tumors and abscesses.

• Acute infections and infectious diseases (URVI, measles, meningitis, encephalitis).[3, 461]

• Acute intoxication (including acute alcohol intoxication).

•Acute metabolic disorders (hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, hyponatremia, hypocalcemia).

• Acute cerebral hypoxia.

Depending on the type of epileptic seizures, the status of epileptic seizures is as follows

There are 2 types:

1) epileptic - the status of widespread tonic-clonic attacks;

2) without epilepsy - the status of abscesses and complex focal seizures.

Attack epileptic status

Attack epileptic status is an epileptic status characterized by widespread tonic-clonic attacks. It is very difficult and sometimes fatal. Attacks last for 30 minutes or appear intermittently during this time. In the inter-seizure period, the patient does not regain consciousness.


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