Computer Hardware



Download 1,15 Mb.
Sana18.12.2019
Hajmi1,15 Mb.
#30910
Bog'liq
Computer hardware
Biogen elementlar kimyo, Дафтар 2, БИОКИМЁ ва тиббий кимё фанидан асосий адабиётлар, 7, 7, AbdumanonovAA-rezume, AbdumanonovAA-rezume, 123, 1019-guruh talabasi tayyorladi, 1, 1, Лекция ЗОЖ, 111, И.Рахматуллаев

Computer Hardware

Computer Hardware


is the physical components of the computer, Refers to the tangible (things you can touch) components of a computer system.

Hardware components are further divided into three groups.

  • Input Devices
  • Output Devices
  • System Unit

INPUT DEVICE


An input device lets you communicate with a computer. You can use input devices to enter information and issue commands.

OUTPUT DEVICE

An output device displays information on a screen, creates printed copies or generates sound.

SYSTEM UNIT

The system unit is the part of the computer which is responsible for accepting and processing the data brought in by the input devices

INPUT DEVICES


Keyboard

Is a standard input device of most computers.

Used to type data into the computer.

Mouse

is a hand-clicked device used for pointing and moving objects



Joystick

is an input device which is commonly used for computer games


a device used to draw, write, or issue commands when it touches a specially designed screen


Light Pen

Track Ball basically an upside down mouse

Scanner


A scanner allows you to scan documents, pictures, or graphics and view them on the computer.

Microphone

Used to input sound into a computer


OUTPUT DEVICES


Printers

an output device that produces text and graphics on paper



Inkjet Printer

Laser Printer

Impact Printer

Monitor

The monitor is used to provide soft copy output.


Speaker


Play sounds transmitted as electrical signals from the sound card.

is a type of video projector for displaying video, images or computer data on a screen or other flat surface



Multimedia Projector

SYSTEM UNIT

SIDAETA


Hard-Disk Drive

Motherboard

The motherboard is the main circuit board of a microcomputer. It is also known as the mainboard or system board

is a storage device that store billons of characters of data on a nonremovable disk

IDE stands for ISnetergiaral AteddvDaenvciecde EleTcetcrohnniocslo. giys a stanAdtatardchemlecetnrot nic interface used between a computer motherboard and the computer's disk storage devices

aPSc/2 Koeynbonardecti


a p

monitor. T

interface. P

ged at the

Ports

on from the ma eripheral devic d, a printer or he port is also orts are arran e main circuit



board.

boarUdSB Ptorots

rear of th

USB Ports

Ethernet (RJ-45) Port

COM (Skereial)yPbortsoar

Power Sockets

Sound Card Slots

GREEN - Speaker / Headphone

BLUE - CD Player / Ipod / etc.

PINK - Microphone

VGA (Monitor) Port

iPnS/2 cMoiursecuit

e such as a aPvarailldel (ePrionter) Port

cGaamlelPeordt an

carries out each instruction of the program in sequence, to perform the basic arithmetical,


CPU

The central processing unit

logical, and input/output operations of the system

it supplies power from the power supply to the drive. The power cables are red, yellow and black. The yellow wire furnishes 12 volts of power, the red wire furnishes 5 volts of power, the two black wire are ground wire for each.

Power Supply

Memory


The memory in a computer system is of two fundamental types: The main/primary memory and the secondary memory.

Primary Memory

Secondary Memory

RAM


HDD

Floppy Disk Drive

Used to stores and retrieves information on a floppy disk.

CD/DVD Drive

is a device that reads information stored on a compact disc, it is a storage device that use laser technology to read data from optical disks.

Sound Card

Modem

Video Card



is a board that is plugged into a computer to give it display capabilities.

enhances the computers sound generating capabilities by allowing sound to be output through speakers.



A modem is a device that sends and receives data over telephone lines to and from computers.

Thank You.

Prepared by Muxammadbobur Muxammadsidikov

Prepared by Muxammadbobur Muxammadsidikov

Student of Fergana branch of the Tashkent University of Information technologies


Download 1,15 Mb.

Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:




Ma'lumotlar bazasi mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan ©hozir.org 2022
ma'muriyatiga murojaat qiling

    Bosh sahifa