Tsar Bakr - four famous sheikhs (Abu Bakr Sa`d, Abu Bakr Fazl, Abu Bakr Muhammad, Abu Bakr Tarkhan) who lived in Bukhara (9th-10th centuries), are the great representatives of Sufism. The ancestors of the Tsar Bakr go back to Imam Hussein, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). They were the grandsons of Ja'far as-Sadiq, one of the four Imams of the Ali dynasty.
Tsar Baklar died in Bukhara and was buried in the Sumitan district near the city. On their tombs during the reign of Abdullah II (16th century) were built luxurious mausoleums and other architectural structures (see Chor Bakr architectural complex).The great Naqshbandi sheikhs (see Khoja Muhammad Islam, Khoja Sa'uddin), known in the 16th century as the Jojbor Khoja, descended from the Tsar Bakr family tree. The poet from Bukhara Toshpolat Ahmad wrote the epic "Chor Bakr" (1999) about the activities of Chor Bakr.
Abu Bakr Saʼd
Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Khoja Sa'd Yamani (late 9th century - 971?) - was born in Bukhara. His father, Hoja Sa'd, was the son of Imam Hussein's son, Zaynulabidin, who came to Bukhara with Ali ibn al-Husayn (last quarter of the ninth century). According to Narshahi, the Emir of the Samanids, Ismail Somoni, gave him a large part of the fertile land in the Joyi Molyon area near Bukhara as a foundation. In the village of Sumitan, near Bukhara, Khoja Sa'd built a garden, a garden, a cistern, a mill, a swimming pool and other buildings, and made a lot of money from it. Abu Bakr Sa'd and his descendants practiced sheikh Islam in Bukhara during the Samanid period. When Abu Bakr Sa'd's father died, he was succeeded by Ismail Somoni. He founded a school of jurisprudence and taught many scholars.
Abu Bakr Fazl
Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Fazl ibn Ja'far al-Bukhari (2nd half of the 9th century - 937?) - a descendant of Imam Ja`far as-Sadiq. He came to Bukhara during the Samanid period. His book Musnadi Fazl was especially famous when it was burned during Genghis Khan's conquest of Bukhara.
Abu Bakr Muhammad
Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Hamid (2nd half of the 9th century - 937?) - He was given the title of "Sheikh ul Alam". He died in the same year as Abu Bakr Fazl, and the graves of both of them were not burnt in the same place.
Abu Bakr Tarxon
Imam Abu Bakr Tarkhan (2nd half of the 9th century - 945?) - According to the book "Kitabi Mullazoda", he wrote the book "Mosque and Musnad".
Chor Bakr Architectural Complex is an architectural monument in the Sumitan district of Bukhara (16th-19th centuries). It is named after the four famous sheikhs who lived here (see Chor Bakr). In front of the Sheikh's Cemetery, Abdullah II built an architectural complex consisting of a khanaqah, a mosque, a madrasa and a large garden (1559), and in the following centuries additional buildings were built and turned into gardens. The room consists of a domed room and a roof. The roof is decorated with tile patterns and large Kufic inscriptions, and bouquets on 2 side wings. In the interior decoration there are patterns of plaster and cutting. The roof of the madrasa is wider and the entrance is divided into three arches. His book is in Arabic script.
The classroom is rectangular, domed, with corners connected to the rooms. The side patterns repeat a series of double arches. The summer mosque is located on the square between the madrasa and the khanaqah. The two wings of the roof consist of double floors. The stage in front of the roof was used as a place of worship. The small tower is located in the center of the architectural complex.
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