1. Uzbekistan Great Britain 3

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1. Uzbekistan

2. Great Britain

3. Museums of Uzbekistan

4. Famous Universities of the World


Advance-to go or move something forward, or to develop or improve something

Addiction-the process of adding numbers or amounts together

Appliance-a device, machine or piece of equipment, especially an electrical one that is used in the house, such as a cooker or washing machine

Associate-to connect someone or something in your mind with someone or something else

Amateur-taking part in an activity for pleasure, not as a job

Apply for-to request something, usually officially, especially by writing or sending in a form

Action-packed-full of exciting events

Ancestor-а person related to you who lived a long time ago

Arch-a structure consisting of a curved top on two supports, which holds the weight of something above it

Amenity-something, such as a swimming pool or shopping centre, that is intended to make life more pleasant or comfortable for the people in a town, hotel or other place

Agitated-She became very agitated (= anxious) when her son failed to return home.

Abandon-to leave a place, thing or person forever

Accuse- to say that someone has done something morally wrong, illegal or unkind

Apparently- used to say you have read or been told something although you are not certain it is true

Break out - a violent escape, especially by a group, from prison

There has been a mass breakout from one of Germany's top security jails.

Bird brained - adjective mainly US informal stupid

Bulk - something or someone that is very large

Burgle - to illegally enter a building and steal things

Buddy - Bob and I have been great buddies for years.

Brainstorm - (of a group of people) to suggest a lot of ideas for a future activity very quickly before considering some of them more carefully

Bump into - to hit something with force

Bold - brave; not fearing danger

Bank bed - an organization where people and businesses can invest or borrow money, change it to foreign money, etc., or a building where these services are offered

Button - a small, usually circular object used to fasten something, for example a shirt or coat

Blackness - the quality of being very dark or an area of darkness

Cell - the smallest basic unit of a plant or animal

Centenarian - someone who is a hundred years old or more

Controversial - causing disagreement or discussion

a controversial issue/decision/speech/figure

Consume - to use fuel, energy or time, especially in large amounts

Clap - to make a short loud noise by hitting your hands together

Catapult - a device which can throw objects at a high speed

In the past, armies used catapults to hurl heavy stones at enemy fortifications.

Cliff - a high area of rock with a very steep side, often on a coast

Commerce - the activities involved in buying and selling things the world of commerce and industry

Digit - any one of the ten numbers 0 to 9

Determined - wanting to do something very much and not allowing anyone or any difficulties to stop you

Distinctive - Something that is distinctive is easy to recognize because it is different from other things

Descended from -the state or fact of being related to a particular person or group of people who lived in the past

Defeat- to win a victory over someone in a fight, war or competition

DNA- deoxyribonucleic acid: the chemical at the centre of the cells of living things, which controls the structure and purpose of each cell and carries the genetic information during reproduction

DIY- UK abbreviation for do-it-yourself: the activity of decorating or repairing your home, or making things for your home yourself, rather than paying someone else to do it for you

Dome - a rounded roof on a building or a room, or a building with such a roof

Encourage - to make someone more likely to do something, or to make something more likely to happen

Existence - when something or someone exists

Evolve - to develop gradually, or to cause something or someone to develop gradually

Eat up - to put or take food into the mouth, chew (= crush with the teeth) it, and swallow it

Encounter - a meeting, especially one that happens by chance

Embrace - to accept something enthusiastically

Eternity - time which never ends or which has no limits

Empire - a group of countries ruled by a single person, government or country

Grin - a wide smile

Get together - an informal meeting or social occasion, often arranged for a particular purpose

Gamble - to do something risky that might result in loss of money or failure, hoping to get money or achieve success

Force - physical, especially violent, strength or power

Finger crossed - any of the long thin separate parts of the hand, especially those which are not thumbs

Extent - area or length; amount

Fiction - the type of book or story which is written about imaginary characters and events and not based on real people and facts

Force - physical, especially violent, strength or power

Freak - a thing, person, animal or event that is extremely unusual or unlikely and not like any other of its type

Float - to stay on the surface of a liquid and not sink

Flash - to shine brightly and suddenly, or to make something shine in this way

Gig - a single performance by a musician or group of musicians, especially playing modern or pop music

Glide - to move easily without stopping and without effort or noise

Gothic - of or like a style of building which was common in Europe between the 12th and the 16th centuries, and which has pointed arches and windows, high ceilings and tall, thin columns

Glow - to produce a continuous light and sometimes heat

Glassware - drinking glasses or other objects made of glass

Gravitate - to be attracted by or to move in the direction of something or someone

Gene - a part of the DNA in a cell which contains information in a special pattern received by each animal or plant from its parents, and which controls its physical development, behaviour, etc

Halt - to (cause to) stop moving or doing something or happening

High tech - using the most advanced and developed machines and methods

Hollow - having a hole or empty space inside

Hut - a small, simple building, usually consisting of one room

Heat wave - a period of time such as a few weeks when the weather is much hotter than usual

Horse-riding - the sport or activity of riding a horse

Initially - at the beginning

Illiterate - unable to read and write

Insecure - Insecure people have little confidence and are uncertain about their own abilities and about whether other people really like them

Imprisonment - She was sentenced to five years' imprisonment.

Inner city - the central part of a city where people live and where there are often problems because people are poor and there are few jobs and bad houses

Intruder - someone who is in a place or situation where they are not wanted

Insoluble - (of a problem) so difficult that it is impossible to solve

Ketchup - a thick cold red sauce made from tomatoes

Kitchenware - plates, bowls, knives, forks, spoons, etc. used in the kitchen

Limb - an arm or leg of a person or animal, or a large branch of a tree

Puy lentils - very small, dark green, dried beans that are cooked and eaten

Linen - strong cloth that is woven from the fibres of the flax plant

Loathe - to hate someone or something

Litter bun - someone who drops rubbish on the ground in public places

Log - a thick piece of tree trunk or branch, especially one cut for burning on a fire

Marvel - to show or experience great surprise or admiration

Melt - to turn from something solid into something soft or liquid, or to cause something to do this

Mission - an important job, especially a military one, that someone is sent somewhere to do

Measles - an infectious disease which produces small red spots all over the body

Mission - an important job, especially a military one, that someone is sent somewhere to do

Migraine - severe continuous pain in the head, often with vomiting and difficulty in seeing

Opponent - a person who disagrees with something and speaks against it or tries to change it

Overdrawn - having taken more money out of your bank account than the account contained, or (of a bank account) having had more money taken from it than was originally in it

Outburst - a sudden forceful expression of emotion, especially anger

Orphan - a child whose parents are dead

Originate - to come from a particular place, time, situation, etc

Nuclear energy - being or using the power produced when the nucleus of an atom is divided or joined to another nucleus

Newsagent - a shop whose main business is selling newspapers and magazines

Natural selection - the process which results in the continued existence of only the types of animals and plants which are best able to produce young or new plants in the conditions in which they live

Motivation - enthusiasm for doing something

Mimic - to copy the way in which a particular person usually speaks and moves, usually in order to make people laugh

Make sense - to produce something, often using a particular substance or material

Mesmerize- to have someone's attention completely so that they cannot think of anything else

Maiden voyage- literary a girl or young woman

Mob- usually disapproving a large angry crowd, especially one which could easily become violent

Myth- an ancient story or set of stories, especially explaining in a literary way the early history of a group of people or about natural events and facts

Passionate- having very strong feelings or emotions

Presumable- used to say what you think is the likely situation

Persuade- to make someone do or believe something by giving them a good reason to do it or by talking to them and making them believe it

Permafrost- an area of land which is permanently frozen, whose surface melts in the summer and freezes again in the autumn

Prove- to show a particular result after a period of time

Premises- the land and buildings owned by someone, especially by a company or organization

Pre-packed- wrapped or put into a container before being sold

Prosecute- to officially accuse someone of committing a crime in a court of law, or (of a lawyer) to try to prove that a person accused of committing a crime is guilty of that crime

Purchase- to buy

Panic- a sudden strong feeling of fear that prevents reasonable thought and action

Pass- to go past something or someone or move in relation to it or them

Perish- to die, especially in an accident or by being killed, or to be destroyed

Phobia - an extreme fear of a particular thing or situation, especially one that cannot be reasonably explained

Pitch black- extremely dark

Poisonous- very harmful and able to cause illness or death

Pull up- to move something towards yourself, sometimes with great physical effort

Raft- a flat floating structure for travelling across water, often made of pieces of wood tied roughly together and moved along with a paddle (= pole with a flat end)

Reduce- to make something smaller in size, amount, degree, importance, etc

Remain- slightly formal to stay in the same place or in the same condition

Remarkable- unusual or special and therefore surprising and worth mentioning

Remote- far away in distance, time or relation

Revolutionary- involved in or relating to a revolution

Resign- to give up a job or position by telling your employer that you are leaving

Respond- to say or do something as a reaction to something that has been said or done

Rivalry- when people, businesses, etc. compete with each other for the same thing

Receipt- a piece of paper which proves that money, goods or information have been received

Rehabilitate- to return someone or something to a good or healthy condition, state or way of living

Release- to give freedom or free movement to someone or something

Relieved- happy that something unpleasant has not happened or has ended Restorative justice- something which makes you feel better or more energetic if you are feeling tired or ill

Revolving door- a set of doors which you go through by pushing them round in a circle

Reverse- to (cause something to) go backwards, or to change the direction, order, position, result, etc. of something to its opposite

Right-wing- supporting the political right

Riot- a noisy, violent, and uncontrolled public meeting

Ransack- to search a place or container in a violent and careless way

Refuse- to say that you will not do or accept something

Responsible- to have control and authority over something or someone and the duty of taking care of it or them

Save up- to stop someone or something from being killed, injured or destroyed

Shrink- to become smaller, or to make something smaller

Skyscraper- a very tall modern building, usually in a city

Snowflake- a small piece of snow

Sole - being one only; single

Spare- If something is spare, it is available to use because it is extra

Sort out- when you put things in order or in their correct place

Sell out- a performance or sports event for which no more tickets are available, because it is so popular

Sensational- . approving very good, exciting or unusual

Slash- to cut with a sharp blade using a quick strong swinging action

Spill- to (cause to) flow, move, fall or spread over the edge or outside the limits of something

Standstill- a condition in which all movement or activity has stopped

Struggle- to experience difficulty and make a very great effort in order to do something

Suffragette- a woman in Britain, Australia and the United States in the early 20th century who was a member of a group that demanded the right of women to vote and that increased knowledge of the subject with a series of public protests

Switch- a small device, usually pushed up or down with your finger, that controls and turns on or off an electric current

Span- the period of time that sometimes exists or happens

Stick- a thin piece of wood

Supply- to provide something that is wanted or needed, often in large quantities and over a long period of time

Stitch- a piece of thread sewn in cloth, or the single movement of a needle and thread into and out of the cloth which produces this

Stunned- very shocked or surprised

Suspect- to think or believe something to be true or probable

Scruffy- untidy and dirty

Stop dead- to finish doing something that you were doing

Stuff- informal used to refer to a substance or a group of things or ideas, etc., often with a description of their general type or quality or saying who they belong to, without saying exactly what they are

Stunned- very shocked or surprised

Suspect- to think or believe something to be true or probable

Swallow- to cause food, drink, pills, etc. to move from your mouth into your stomach by using the muscles of your throat, or to use the muscles of your throat as if doing this

Trademark- a name or a symbol which is put on a product to show that it is made by a particular producer and which cannot be legally used by any other producer

Twinkle- (of light or a shiny surface) to shine repeatedly strongly then weakly, as if flashing on and off very quickly

Tear down- to pull or be pulled apart, or to pull pieces off

Trek- to walk a long distance, usually over land such as hills, mountains or forests

Tribesman- a man who belongs to a tribe

Trace- to find someone or something that was lost

Transistor- a small electrical device containing a semiconductor , used in televisions, radios, etc. to control or increase an electric current

Threat- a suggestion that something unpleasant or violent will happen, especially if a particular action or order is not followed

Threshold- the floor of an entrance to a building or room

Tremble- to shake slightly, usually because you are cold, frightened, or very emotional

Terrified- very frightened

Transplantation- Transplantation of organs from living donors raises ethical issues.

Tempting- If something is tempting, you want to do or have it

Turmeric- a yellow powder which is used as a spice to flavour particular foods, especially curry , and give them a yellow colour. It is made from the root of an Asian plant.

Urban- of or in a city or town

Vigorous- very forceful or energetic

Violence- actions or words which are intended to hurt people

Wrapping paper- decorated paper which is used to cover presents

Wizard- a man who is believed to have magical powers and who uses them to harm or help other people

Whisper- to speak very quietly, using thebreath but not the voice, so that only the person close to you can hearyou

Whistle- to make a high sound by forcing air through a small hole or passage, especially through the lips, or through a special device held to the lips
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