Viii – sinflar uchun Informatikadan test



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ZAMONLAR JADVALI


Tenses

(Zamonlar)

TIME WORDS

USAGE

AFFIRMATIVE

NEGATIVE

INTERROGATIVE

Present Simple

Every day

Sometimes

Always

Often

Usually

Seldom

Never

First…Then…

-Takrorlanuvchi harakat

- Doimiy harakat

-Hayotiy haqiqat bo’lgan

-Tabiat qonunlari

- Kelasi zamonda: jadvallar va dasturlarni


S+V(1)+O

They write poems

Ular sherlar yozadi

S(He,She,It)+V(es)s)

He writes poems

U she’rlar yozadi.



S+DO NOT(DON’T)+V(1)

They don’t write poems

Ular she’rlar yozmaydi

S(He,She,It) +does not(doesn’t)+V(1)

He doesn’t write poems.

U she’rlar yozmaydi.



Do +S+V(1)+O?

Do they write poems?

Ular she’r yozadimi?

Does+he,she,it+V(1)?

Does he write poems?

U she’rlar yozadimi?



Past Simple

Last….

.ago



In 1990

Yesterday ..

Then…

The day before yesterday…

-o’tgan zamonda aniq vaqtda bo’lgan

-o’tgan zamonda ketma ket kelgan

-oldin yashab o’tgan shaxslar hayoti

-o’tgan zamonda muntazam harakat



Regular Verb:

S+V(ED)D)+O

He worked

Uishladi(ishlagan)




Irregular verb:

S+V(2)+O

They wrote poems

Ular she’rlar yozdi(yozgan)



Regular verb:

S+DID NOT (DIDN’T)+V (ED)D+O

He didn’t work

Uishlamadi(ishlamagan)

Irregular verb:

S+DID NOT (DIDN’T) +V(1)+O

They didn’t write poems.

Ular she’rlar yozmadi(yozmagan)



Regular verb:

DID+S+V (ED)D+O?



Did he work?

Uishladimi(ishlaganmi?)


Irregular verb:

DID+S+V(1)+O?



Did they write poems?

Ular she’rlar yozdimi\ yozganmi?



Future simple

Tomorrow

Tonight

Next week\month,etc

In two days\months,etc

The day after tomorrow…

Soon….

In a week\ month, etc.

-kelajakda biz hali qaror qilmagan harakat(probably-ehtimol so’zi bilan)

-umid,qo’rquv, qo’rqitish,to’satdan chiqarilgan qaror, taklif,va’da, ogohlantirish,bashorat, (I expect.., I hope..,I believe..,I’m afraid.., I’m sure.., I know.., I think.. kabi iboralar bilan)

-kelajakda o’zgartirib bo’lmaydigan harakat (I will be 20 next year)

S+WILL+V(1)+O

They will write poems.

Ular sh’erlar yozadi(kelajakda)


S+WILL NOT(WON’T)+V(1)+O

They won’t write poems. Ular she’rlar yozmaydi.



WILL+S+V(1)+O?

Will they write poems?

Ular she’rlar yozadimi?



Be going to

moqchi



tomorrow, tonight, next week / month, in two / three, etc. days, the

day after tomorrow, soon, in a week / month, etc.

*kelajakdagi rejalar va niyatlar

They’re going to have a

party next week.
*Yaqin kelajakda sodir bo’lishi kutilayotgan va dalili ko’rinib turgan bo’lsa

Look at grey clouds. It is going to rain.


S+AM/IS/ARE+GOING TO +V(1).

They are going to write poems.

Ular she’rlar yozmoqchi.


S+AM/IS/ARE+NOT+ GOING TO +V(1).

They are NOT going to write poems.

Ular she’rlar yozmoqchi EMAS.


AM/IS/ARE+S+ GOING TO +V(1)?.

Are they going to write poems?.

Ular she’rlar yozmoqchiMI?.


Present Continuous

Now

At the moment

At present

This week\month,etc

These days…

Today…

Tonight …

Tomorrow…

Next week..

Look!

Listen!

Be quiet!

-vaqtinchalik ish harakatlar

-ayni hozirda , gapirayotgan vaqtda sodir bo’layotgan ish harakat

-always (nuqul)so’zi bilan jahl yoki tanqidni bildiradi

- yaqin kelajakda belgilab qo’yilgan, sodir bo’lishi aniq bo’lgan ish harakat (They are getting married this afternoon)



-o’zgarayotgan (rivojlanayotgan yoki pasayotgan)voqealar (The prices are decreasing gradually)

S+AM,IS,ARE+V(ING)+ O

They are writing poems.

Ular she’rlar yozayapti\ yozmoqda

S+AM,IS,ARE+NOT +V(ING)+O

They are not writing poems.

Ular she’rlar yozmayapti.



AM,IS,ARE+S+V(ING)+O?

Are they writing poems?

Ular she’rlar yozyaptimi?




Past continuous

while, when, as, at that time



*Bir vaqtda sodir bo’lgan 2va undan ortiq ish harakat

While 1 was sunbathing.

Tim was swimming

*o’tgan zamonda aniq vaqtda sodir bo’lib kelgan ish harakat

He was playing tennis at 4:30 pm yesterday.

*o’tgan zamonda davom etgan ish harakatni boshqasi to’xtatadi. Uzoqroq harakat Past Continuous, qisqaroq harakat the Past



Simple.

While 1 was getting

Dressed, the bell rang.

*hikoyadagi voqealarni tasvirlash



She was flying to Paris.The sun was shining..

S+WAS\WERE+V(ING)+O

They were writing poems.

Ular she’rlar yozayotgan edi.



S+WAS\WERE +NOT+V(ING)+O.

They were not writing poems.

Ular she’rlar yozmayotgan edi.



WAS\WERE+S+V(ING)+O?

Were they writing poems?

Ular she’rlar yozayotgan edimi?




Future continuous


tomorrow, tonight, next week / month, in two / three, etc. days, the

day after tomorrow, soon, in a week / month, etc

*kelajakda aniq vaqtda davom etib keladigan harakat

He’ll be sunbathing in

Hawaii this time next week

*Kundalik faoliyat natijasida shundoq ham sodir bo’ladigan harakat

I’ll be seeing John

tomorrow. (Yani, biz John bilan hamkasbmiz shuning uchun uni aniq ko’raman)

*birovning kelajakdagi rejasini odob bilan yoki o’z manfatimizni ko’zlab so’rash

Will you be going to the supermarket? Can you buy me some tea?


S+WILL BE +V(ING)+O

They will be writing poems.

Ular she’rlar yozayotgan bo’ladi.



S+ WILL NOT(WON’T) BE+V(ING)+O.

They will NOT be writing poems.

Ular she’rlar yozMayotgan bo’ladi.



WILL +S+ BE +V(ING)+O

Will they be writing poems.

Ular she’rlar yozayotgan bo’ladimi?.



Present perfect

just, ever, never, already, yet (negations & questions), always, how

long, so far, recently, since (= from a starting point in the past), for

(= over a period of time), today, this week / month, etc.

*yaqindagina tugagan harakat

She has tidied her room.

*o’tgan zamonda vaqti noaniq harakat

He has lost his keys. (He is still looking for them.)

*ma’lum vaqt mobaynida sodir bo’lgan shaxsiy ta’surotlar va o’zgarishlar

I’ve lost weight.

*yaqinda tugagan harakatning natijasiga e’tibor qaratish(soni)

She’s written three letters since this morning.



REGULAR VERB:

S+HAVE\HAS+V



(ED)D)+O

He has finished his homework.

U uyga vazifasini tugatib bo’ldi.

IRREGULAR VERB:

S+HAVE\HAS+V(3)+O

They have written poems.

Ular she’rlar yozib bo’ldi.


REGULAR VERB:

S+HAVE\HAS+ NOT +V(ED)D)+O

He has NOT finished his homework.

U uyga vazifasini tugatib bo’lMAdi.


IRREGULAR VERB:

S+ HAVE\HAS+ NOT+V(3)+O

They have NOT written poems.

Ular she’rlar yozib bo’lMAdi.



REGULAR VERB:

HAVE\HAS+S+ V(ED)D)+O?

Has he has finished his homework?.

U uyga vazifasini tugatib bo’ldimi?.


IRREGULAR VERB:

HAVE\HAS+S+ V(3)+O?

Have they written poems?.

Ular she’rlar yozib bo’ldimi?.



Past perfect


for, since, already, after, just, never, yet, before, by, by the time, etc.

*o’tgan zamonda aniq vaqtda boshqa harakatdan oldin tugagan harakat

He had left by the

time 1 got there.

(or by 8:15 pm)

* o’tgan zamonda isboti bo’lgan tugagan harakat

She was sad because she had failed the test




REGULAR VERB:

S+HAD+V(ED)D)+O


He had finished his homework.

U uyga vazifasini tugatib bo’lgandi.


IRREGULAR VERB:

S+HAD+V(3)+O

They had written poems.

Ular she’rlar yozib bo’lgandi.



REGULAR VERB:

S+HAD+NOT+V(ED)D)+O


He had NOT finished his homework.

U uyga vazifasini tugatib bo’lMAgandi.


IRREGULAR VERB:

S+HAD+NOT+V(3)+O

They had NOT written poems.

Ular she’rlar yozib bo’lMAgandi.



REGULAR VERB:

HAD+S+ V(ED)D)+O
Had he finished his homework.?

U uyga vazifasini tugatib bo’lgandimi?.


IRREGULAR VERB:

HAD+S+ V(3)+O



Had they written poems?.

Ular she’rlar yozib bo’lgandimi?.



Future perfect

before, by, by then, by the time, until (is used only in negative

sentences with this tense

*kelajakda aniq bir vaqtgacha tugatiladigan harakat

She w ill have come back by

the end of July.



REGULAR VERB:

S+WILL HAVE +V(ED)D)+O


He WILL HAVE finished his homework.

U uyga vazifasini tugatib bo’lADI.


IRREGULAR VERB:

S+WILL HAVE +V(3)+O

They WILL HAVE written poems.

Ular she’rlar yozib bo’lADI



REGULAR VERB:

S+WILL NOT HAVE +V(ED)D)+O


He WILL NOT HAVE finished his homework.

U uyga vazifasini tugatib bo’lMAYDI.


IRREGULAR VERB:

S+WILL NOT HAVE +V(3)+O

They WILL NOT HAVE written poems.

Ular she’rlar yozib bo’lMAYDI



REGULAR VERB:

WILL +S+ HAVE +V(ED)D)+O?
WILL he HAVE finished his homework?

U uyga vazifasini tugatib bo’lADImi?.


IRREGULAR VERB:

WILL +S+ HAVE +V(3)+O

WILL they HAVE written poems.?

Ular she’rlar yozib bo’lADImi?



Present perfect continuous

how long, for, since

*o’tgan zamonda boshlanib hozirgacha davom etayotgan ish har.

He's been writing a letter for two hours.

*o’tgan zamonda ma’lum vaqt sodir bo’lgan va natijasi hozir ko’rinib turgan ish har.



She’s been crying. (Her eyes are red.)

*jahl, g’azab yoki tanqidni bildiradi

Who has been using my

hairbrush?(annoyance)

*ish harakatning muddatini bildiradi

(odatda for, since or how long bilan)

They have been speaking in his office for the last

hour.


S+HAVE/HAS+ BEEN+V(ING)

They HAVE BEEN writing poems.

Ular she’rlar yozib kelmoqda


S+HAVE/HAS+NOT+BEEN+ V(ING)

They HAVE NOT BEEN writing poems.

Ular she’rlar yozMAY kelmoqda


HAVE/HAS+S+ BEEN+V(ING)?

HAVE they BEEN writing poems?

Ular she’rlar yozib kelmoqdami?



Past perfect continuos

for, since

*o’tgan zamonda biror harakatdan oldin sodir bo’lgan harakatning muddatini ifodalaydi

She had been working as

a clerk for 10 years before

she resigned.

*ma’lum muddat davom etgan va natijasi otgan zamonda ko’ringan ish harakat



They were wet (natija) because they had been walking in the rain (ish harakat).

S+HAD+ BEEN+V(ING)

They HAD BEEN writing poems for 4 years.

Ular 4 yildan beri she’rlar yozib kelmoqda edi/yozayotgandi


S+HAD+ NOT+BEEN+V(ING)

They HAD NOT BEEN writing poems for 4 years..

Ular 4 yildan beri she’rlar yozmayotgandi


HAD+S+ BEEN+V(ING)?

HAD they BEEN writing poems for 4 years.?

Ular 4 yildan beri she’rlar yozayotganmidi?



Future perfect continuous

by ... for

*Kelajakda ma’lum bir vaqtgacha sodir bo’ladigan ish harakatning muddati , davomiyligini bildiradi

By the end of this year (ma’lum vaqt) , Sally w ill have been working here for two years (muddat).

S+WILL HAVE + BEEN+V(ING)

They WILL HAVE BEEN writing poems for 4 years.

Ular 4 yildan beri she’rlar YOZAYOTGAN BO’LADI


S+WILL NOT HAVE + BEEN+V(ING)

They WILL NOT HAVE BEEN writing poems for 4 years.

Ular 4 yildan beri she’rlar YOZMAYOTGAN BO’LADI


WILL + S+ HAVE + BEEN+V(ING)?

WILL they HAVE BEEN writing

poems for 4 years?.



Ular 4 yildan beri she’rlar YOZAYOTGAN BO’LADImi?

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