Uncle Tom’s cabin



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Uncle Tom's cabin
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Harriet Beecher Stowe – “Uncle Tom’s cabin”

Harriet Beecher Stowe was a world-renowned American writer, staunch abolitionist and one of the most influential women of the 19th century. Although she wrote dozens of books, essays and articles during her lifetime, she was best known for her novel, Uncle Tom’s Cabin Or, Life Among the Lowly, which brought unprecedented light to the plight of enslaved people and, many historians believe, helped incite the American Civil War.

Stowe was born into a prominent family on June 14, 1811, in Litchfield, Connecticut. Her father, Lyman Beecher, was a Presbyterian preacher and her mother, Roxana Foote Beecher, died when Stowe was just five years old. Stowe had twelve siblings (some were half-siblings born after her father remarried), many of whom were social reformers and involved in the abolitionist movement. But it was her sister Catharine who likely influenced her the most. Stowe and Calvin married in January 1836. He encouraged her writing and she continued to churn out short stories and sketches. Along the way, she gave birth to six children. In 1846, she published The Mayflower: Or, Sketches of Scenes and Characters Among the Descendants of the Pilgrims.

Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote the novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852), which vividly dramatized the experience of slavery. The book was an immediate sensation. Championed by abolitionists but denounced in the South, it contributed to popular feeling against slavery so much that it is cited among the causes of the American Civil War.



Analyse a novel Jack London’s Martin Eden

1.Characters



Uncle Tom

Uncle Tom, the title character, was initially seen as a noble, long-suffering Christian slave. In more recent years, however, his name has become an epithet directed towards African-Americans who are accused of selling out to whites.



Eliza

Eliza is a slave and personal maid to Mrs. Shelby, who escapes to the North with her five-year-old son Harry after he is sold to Mr. Haley. Her husband, George, eventually finds Eliza and Harry in Ohio and emigrates with them to Canada, then France, and finally Liberia.



Eva

Evangeline St. Clare is the daughter of Augustine St. Clare. Eva enters the narrative when Uncle Tom is traveling via steamship to New Orleans to be sold, and he rescues the five- or six-year-old girl from drowning. Eva begs her father to buy Tom, and he becomes the head coachman at the St. Clare house. He spends most of his time with the angelic Eva



Simon Legree

Simon Legree is a cruel slave owner—a Northerner by birth—whose name has become synonymous with greed. He is arguably the novel's main antagonist. His goal is to demoralize Tom and break him of his religious faith

2.Events

Martin, a lower-class sailor, falls in love with Ruth, whom he met by chance, at a time when the differences between the classes almost kill peopleThese obsessive thoughts drag Martin to his friends in the harbor where his quarrel days pass, but Martin is also foreign here. Infinity calls him to the sea. There is no love nor a destination for Martin anymore. He boarded the ship to embark on his last voyage.

3.Settings

4.Time


Past

5.Organization

Beginning to ending

6.Writing style:

Novel

7.Symbol


History has not been kind to Uncle Tom, the hero of Uncle Tom’s Cabin and one of the most popular figures of nineteenth-century American fiction. After its initial burst of sensational popularity and influence, Uncle Tom’s Cabin fell into neglect. Its circulation declined following the end of the Civil War and Stowe’s death, and by the mid-1900s, the book was virtually out of print. Not until the early 1960s, when the Civil Rights Movement reawakened an interest in anti-slavery fiction, did the novel again become widely read.

8. Theme


Uncle Tom’s Cabin tells the story of Uncle Tom, depicted as a saintly, dignified slave. While being transported by boat to auction in New Orleans, Tom saves the life of Little Eva, whose grateful father then purchases Tom. Eva and Tom soon become great friends. Always frail, Eva’s health begins to decline rapidly, and on her deathbed she asks her father to free all his slaves. He makes plans to do so but is then killed, and the brutal Simon Legree, Tom’s new owner, has Tom whipped to death after he refuses to divulge the whereabouts of certain runaway slaves.

9. Retelling story:

Harriet Beecher Stowe

10. Languages and stylistic peculiarities



Uncle Tom’s cabincontains a clear moral and concludes with a sermon , earnestly working to convince its reader that each member of society has the means to contribute to the abolition of slavery
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