The Role of Foreign Languages in our Life



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Lesson 2 ingliz tili
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Lesson 2

The Role of Foreign Languages in our Life

English is spoken practically all over the world. It is spoken as the mother tongue in Great Britain, the United States of America, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. A lot of people speak English in China, Japan, India, Africa and other countries. It is one of 6 official languages of the

United Nations. It is studied as a foreign language in many schools. England's history helps to understand the present condition of English. Many English words were borrowed from the language of Angles and Saxons. Hundreds of French words came into English. These French words didn't crowd out corresponding Anglo-Saxon words. There exist "beautiful" and "pretty", "form" and "shape". Many new words were brought by traders and travellers. These words came from all parts of the world: "umbrella" — from Italian, "tea" — from Chinese, "cigar" - from Spanish. Some words came into English directly from Latin, which was the language of the church and the universities in the Middle Ages. Some of the English words of today are derivatives. One way of creating new words is to put together two or more older English words. For example, the words "railway", "football", "newspaper" are made in this way. Many of the new English words — especially new scientific ones — have been made from Latin and Greek words instead of English ones. "Telephone" for instance, was made from Greek words "far" and "talk". New words and word combinations:to learn by heart , enormous, to achieve, development, to consist of, to be based on, to create, to establish, to improve, best of all , derivatives, is studied, especially.‌‌

Chet tillarning hayotimizdagi o'rni

Ingliz tili deyarli butun dunyoda gaplashadi. Bu ona tili sifatida Buyuk Britaniya, Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari, Kanada, Avstraliya va Yangi Zelandiyada gaplashadi. Xitoy, Yaponiya, Hindiston, Afrika va boshqa mamlakatlarda ko'p odamlar ingliz tilida gaplashadilar. Bu tillarning 6 ta rasmiy tillaridan biri



Birlashgan Millatlar. Ko'p maktablarda chet tili sifatida o'rganiladi. Angliya tarixi ingliz tilining hozirgi holatini tushunishga yordam beradi. Ko'plab inglizcha so'zlar anglar va saksonlar tilidan olingan. Yuzlab frantsuzcha so'zlar ingliz tiliga kirib keldi. Ushbu frantsuzcha so'zlar mos keladigan ingliz-sakson so'zlarini siqib chiqarmadi. "Chiroyli" va "chiroyli", "shakl" va "shakl" mavjud. Savdogarlar va sayohatchilar tomonidan ko'plab yangi so'zlar keltirildi. Bu so'zlar dunyoning barcha burchaklaridan kelgan: "soyabon" - italyan tilidan, "choy" - xitoy tilidan, "puro" - ispan tilidan. Ba'zi so'zlar ingliz tiliga to'g'ridan-to'g'ri o'rta asrlarda cherkov va universitetlarning tili bo'lgan lotin tilidan kirib kelgan. Hozirgi inglizcha so'zlarning ba'zilari lotin. Yangi so'zlarni yaratish usullaridan biri ikki yoki undan ortiq eski inglizcha so'zlarni birlashtirishdir. Masalan, "temir yo'l", "futbol", "gazeta" so'zlari shu tarzda yasalgan. Ko'pgina yangi inglizcha so'zlar - ayniqsa, yangi ilmiy so'zlar - inglizcha so'zlar o'rniga lotin va yunoncha so'zlardan yasalgan. Masalan, "telefon" yunoncha "far" va "gapirish" so'zlaridan yasalgan. Yangi so'zlar va so'z birikmalari: yoddan o'rganish, ulkan, erishish, rivojlantirish, tarkib toptirish, unga asoslanish, yaratish, yaratish, takomillashtirish, eng muhimi, hosilalar.‌‌
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