culture Summer school Rome, 16-28 July 2013 Literature
Where nothing else is stated the text is (or will be) uploaded to dropbox.
Some texts are accessible at Jstor. If you have problems with accessing the database through your own university library please write to firstname.lastname@example.org.
We consider Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Humanism as the ‘course textbook’ and encourage you to read through it during May and June.
Background reading on art: Paoletti and Radke. Art in Renaissance Italy. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1997; 2nd edition from 2001. Especially the pages on Rome (in the second edition pp. 63-73, 253-264, 320-331, 439-450, and 470-478). NB: Due to copyright rules this text is not made available. It should be possible to find thebook in a (university) library. Charles Hope and Elizabeth Mcgrath. “Artists and humanists” chapter 9 in Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Humanism. Edited by Jill Kraye. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996: 161-188.
Here follows the required reading for each lecture. In the programme only primary texts are mentioned.
Introductory lecture Marianne Pade, Studia humanitatis Primary texts:
Francesco Petrarca. “The Ascent of Mount Ventoux, to Dionisio da Borgo San Sepolcro” in Familiar letters book 4 no. 1. http://history.hanover.edu/early/petrarch/PET17.html
Francesco Petrarca. “To Marcus Tullius Cicero [1 of 2]” in Familiar letters book 24 no. 3
Both from: James Harvey Robinson, ed. and trans. Petrarch: The First Modern Scholar and Man of Letters. New York: Haskell House Publishers Ltd., 1898: 307-320 and 239-242.
Francesco Petrarca. Eclogue 3 in Petrarch’s Bucolicum Carmen. Translated and annotated by Thomas G. Bergin. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1974: 30-47 and 222-23.
Chiapelli, Carolyn. ”The Motif of Confession in Petrarch's ’Mt. Ventoux’" in MLN 93 no. 1, Italian Issue (Jan., 1978): 131-136. Accessible at Jstor, direct URL:
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2906969 (requires license).
Mann, N. ”The Origins of Humanism” chapter 1 in The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Humanism. Edited by Jill Kraye.
Reeve, Michael D.. ”Classical Scholarship” chapter 2 in The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Humanism. Edited by Jill Kraye. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996: 20-46.
Methodology I Cultural memory and cultural identity Gitte Lønstrup Dal Santo, Memory Studies – Sources Primary texts:
[Cicero]. Ad Herrenium book 3 chapter 16-24 in [Cicero]. Ad C. Herennium. De Ratione Dicendi. Translated by Harry Caplan. Loeb Classical Library 403. Cambridge MA and London: Harvard University Press, 1954: 204-225.
Halbwachs, Maurice (1941). “The legendary topography of the Gospels in the Holy Land” in On Collective Memory. Translated by Lewis A. Coser. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001: 193-235.
Nora, Pierre. “Between memory and history: les lieux de mémoire” in Representations 26 (1989): 7-24. Available at Jstor. Direct URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2928520
Secondary texts: Gillis, John R.. “Memory and Identity” in Commemorations: the politics of national identities edited by Halbwachs, Assmann and Gilles. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994: 3-26.
Yates, Frances A. The Art of Memory. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1966 . Chapter 1 and 5, pp. 17-41 and 114-34. NB: Due to copyright rules the texts are not made available. It should be possible to buy the book for a reasonable prize or to find it in a (university) library. Assmann, Jan and Rodney Livingstone. Religion and Cultural Memory: Ten Studies Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2006: 1-30.
Suggestions to further reading:
Aristoteles. De memoria et remeniscentia
Quintillian. Institutio Oratoria book 11 chapter 2 paragraphs 17-22.
Cicero. De Oratore book 2 chapter 86 in Cicero. De Oratore. Books I-II. Translated by E. W. Sutton. Completed with an introduction by H. Rackahm. Loeb Classical Library 348. Cambridge MA and London: Harvard University Press, 1967: 462-67.
Erll, Astrid. “Cultural Memory Studies: An Introduction” in A companion cultural memory studies. Edited by A. Erll and A. Nünning. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2010: 1-15.
den Boer, Pim. “Loci memoriae – Lieux de mémoire” in A companion cultural memory studies. Edited by A. Erll and A. Nünning. Berlin: De Gruyter,2010: 19-25.
Olick, Vinitzky-Seroussi and Daniel Levy. The collective memory reader. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Boyer, M. Christine.The City of Collective Memory:Its Historical Imagery and Architectural Entertainments. Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 1994.
Le Goff, Jacques. History and Memory. New York: Columbia University Press, 1992. (first published in Italian, Storia e Memoria, Einaudi 1977).
Berliner, David. “The Abuses of Memory: Reflections on the Memory Boom in Anthropology”, Anthropological Quarterly, 78 no. 1 (2005): 197-211.
Yates, Frances A. (1966): The Art of Memory, chapters 3-4 and 6-14 (the latter dealing with examples of renaissance memory practices).
Hutton, Patrick H. History as an art of memory. Hanover: University Press of New England, 1993.
Methodology II: Palaeography and epigraphy
Francesco Petrarca. “On the Scarcity of Copyists, to Lapo da Castiglionchio” in Petrarch: The First Modern Scholar and Man of Letters, edited and translated by James Harvy Robinson. New York: Yale University Press, 1898: 275-278. Accessible online at: http://history.hanover.edu/texts/petrarch/pet14.htm
Davies, Martin. ”Humanism in Script and Print in the Fifteenth Century” chapter 3 in The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Humanism. Edited by Jill Kraye. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996: 47-62.
Outi Merisalo. Humanist Scripts. 2012.
Introductory material in http://www.gutenberg.de/
Biography of and Bibliography on Andrea Bregno: http://www.andreabregno.it/index.php
Places of Power I: the Capitol and the heritage of republican Rome Carsten Lange, The significance of the Capitol and the Forum in Republican Rome
Background (optional): Griffin, M. “Cicero and Rome”, in The Oxford History of The Roman World. Edited by J. Boardman et al .Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986 (and later): 90-120.
Outi Merisalo, Ruins, inscriptions, pigs and cows: Poggio's description of the ruins of Rome Primary text:
Marianne Pade (et al.), Guided tour at the Capitol Primary text: The Life of Cola di Rienzo, chapters 1-6 in The Life of Cola di Rienzo. Translated by John Wright. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1975: 31-43.
Musto, Ronald G. “Reviving Antiquity” in Apocalypse in Rome: Cola di Rienzo and the Politics of the New Age. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003: 45-57 and 353-54.
Friis-Jensen, Karsten. “Petrarch, the city of Rome and the Capitol” in On Renaissance Academies. Analecta Romana Instituti Danici, Supplementum 42, edited by Marianne Pade. Rome: Edizioni Quazar, 2011: 9-18.
Places of Power II: the Vatican and the heritage of imperial Rome Marianne Pade, The papal state Primary texts:
Lorenzo Valla. Discourse on the Forgery of the Alleged Donation of Constantine in Latin and English. Edited and translated by Christopher B. Coleman. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1922. Accessible online at Hanover Historical TextsProject: http://history.hanover.edu/texts/vallatc.html. Scanned and proofread by Jonathan Perry, February 2001.
From part 1: “The Donation of Constantine As Given in Part 1, Division 96, Chapters 13 and 14 of Gratian's Decretum,or Harmony of the Canons 10-19.” http://history.hanover.edu/texts/vallapart1.html
From part 2: “the Discourse of Lorenzo Valla on the forgery of the allegded donation of Constantine”, please read the following extracts:
- p. 25: “I know that …” - p. 29: “… validated by prescription.”
- p. 63: “Indeed, we must suspect …” - p. 67: “… on this point.”
- p. 115: “Which shall I…” - p. 117: “… upon them all.”
- p. 177: “But why need I …” - p. 183_ “… will stop.”
Erasmus, Julius Exclusus TEXT WILL BE ADDED TO DROPBOX SOON Secondary texts:
Fubini, Riccardo. ”Humanism and Truth: Valla writes against the Donation of Constantine” in Journal of the History of Ideas 57no. 1 (1996): 79-86. URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3653883
Hankins, James. ”Humanism and the origins of modern political thought” chapter 7 in The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Humanism. Edited by Jill Kraye. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996: 118-141.
Gitte Lønstrup, The Constantine basilica and the monumentalization of Peter's grave Primary text:
Liber Pontificalis:Vita Silvestri.
Davis, Raymond, transl. The Book of Pontiffs (Liber Pontificalis): The Ancient Biographies of the First Ninety Roman Bishops to AD 715. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2000.
Latin text: Duchesne, Louis, ed. “Vita Silvestri” in volume 1 of Le Liber Pontificalis. Texte, introduction et commentaire. Paris: Thorin, 1886: 170-187.
Brandenburg, Hugo. “The Basilica of St. Peter’s (S. Pietro in Vaticano)” in Ancient churches of Rome from the fourth to the seventh century: the dawn of Christian architecture. Turnhout: Brepols.2005: 91-102.
Suggestions to further reading (all secondary literature):
Toynbee, Jocelyn M. C. and John B.Ward-Perkins. Shrine of St Peter and the Vatican Excavations. London: Longmans Green and Co., 1956: 3-23, 195-239.
Arbeiter, Achim. Alt-St. Peter in Geschichte und Wissenschaft: Abfolge der Bauten, Rekonstruktion, Architekturprogramm. Berlin: Mann, 1988.
Krautheimer, Richard, ed. Corpus Basilicarum Christianorum Romae. The Vatican City: Pontificio Istituto di archeologia cristiana, 1937-77.
Krautheimer, Richard. “Constantine’s Church Foundations”, in: Akten des VII. inter-nationalen Kongresses für christliche Archäologie. The Vatican City: Pontificio istituto di archeologia cristiana, 1969: 237-55.
Methodology III Leonardo Cecchini, Memory and intertextuality Primary Texts:
Francesco Petrarca. Fam. I, 8; Fam. XXII, 2; Fam. XXIII, 19 in: Rerum familiarium libri, translated by Aldo S. Bernardo, Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1975-85.
Lucius Annaeus Seneca. Ep. Mo. 84 in: Ad Lucilium epistulae morales, translated by R. M. Gummere, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University POress, 1953-70.
Ackerman, James. “Imitation” Chapter 1 in Antiquity and its Interpreters. Edited by Alina Payne, Ann Kuttner, and Rebekah Smick. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
Suggestions to further reading:
Bakhtin Mikhail. The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays, Austin: University of Texas Press. 1981.
Bakhtin Mikhail. Rabelais and His World, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993.
Bakhtin Mikhail. Problems of Dostoevsky’s Poetics, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1984.
Bakhtin Mikhail. Speech Genres and Other Late Essays, Austin: University of Texas Press, 1986.
Barthes Roland.Image, Music, Text , New York: Hill and Wang, 1971 [contains the essay The death of the Author, published in French in the magazine Manteia, no. 5 (1968)].
Bloom Harold. The Anxiety of Influence, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973.
Graham Allen. Intertextuality. London and New York: Routledge, 2000.
Kristeva Julia. Desire in Language: A Semiotic Approach to Literature and Art, London: Blackwell, 1980.
Places of study and leisure: palaces and villas, urban and rural lifestyle Outi Merisalo, Introduction to Villa Lante Unn Irene, Neo-Platonism I Primary Text:
Prooemium and Caput 1.1 and 1.2 of Marsilio Ficino, De amore in:
Marsilio Ficino. MarsilioFicino’s Commentary on Plato’s Symposium. Edited and Translated by Sears Reynold Jayne. Columbia: University of missoury, 1944.
Plotinus. Enneads, 3.5, On love chapter 1 in The Enneads. Translated by Stephen MacKenna. Revised by B. S. Page. Foreword by E. R. Dodds. Introduction by Paul Henry. London: Faber and Faber Limited, 1957.
Plato. Symposium 210a-212c (excerpt from the sixth oration) in
Plato. The Symposium. Translated by Walter Hamilton. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1951. – Or: Plato, Plato in Twelve Volumes, Vol. 9. Translated by Harold N. Fowler. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1925. Accessible at http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Plat.+Sym.+210a&fromdoc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0174
Remes, Pauliina. “The Neoplatonic Heritage” chapter 7 in Neoplatonism. Stocksfield: Acumen, 2008: 197-207.
Allen, Michael J.B. “Renaissance Neoplatonism” chapter 45 in the Cambridge History ofLiterary Criticism3: The Renaissance. Edited by Norton. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999: 435-41.
Trine Hass, Bucolic poetry Primary text:
Francesco Petrarca. Eclogue 10 vv. 1-48 and 348-411 inPetrarch’s Bucolicum Carmen. Translated and annotated by Thomas G. Bergin. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1974: (Main focus)
Francesco Petrarca. “Charms and Shortcomings of Vaucluse as a Common Residence. Book VIII/3 (Excerpt) To “Olympius”; from Parma, 18 May 1349” in Letters from Petrarch. Translated by Morris Bishop. Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press, 1966: 69-70.
Francesco Petrarca. Canzoniere 318 at http://petrarch.petersadlon.com/canzoniere.html?poem=318
Conte, Gian Biagio. “Virgil” and “The Bucolics” in Latin Literature. A History. Translated by Joseph B. Solodow. Revised by Don Fowler and Glenn W. Most. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994: 262-68.
Houghton, L. B. T. “Virgil the ‘Renaissance Man’ and his Medieval Antecedents” in The Proceedings of the Virgil Society 26 (2008): 89-104.
Carrai, Stefano. “Pastoral as personal mythology in history. Bucolicum carmen” chapter 9 in Petrarch. A Critical Guide to the Complete Works. Edited by Victoria Kirkham and Armando Maggi. Chicago and London: Chicago University Press, 2010: 165-77
Peter Gillgren, Villa architecture Primary text:
Baldassare Castiglione, Cleopatra, translated by Alexander Pope in: Alexander Pope. Minor Poems. Vol. 6 of The Twickenham edition of the poems of Alexander Pope. London: Methuen,1954: 66-69.
Leonard Barkan. “The Beholder’s Tale: Ancient Sculpture, Renaissance Narrative” in Representations 44 (1993): 133-166. Accessable through Jstor, direct URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2928642
Palace tour Leonardo Cecchini, Court culture Primary texts:
Baldassarre Castiglione, Il cortegiano book 1 chapters 14, 19-20 and 26; book 2 chapters 23 and 32; book 3 chapters 4-5 and 9-10; and book 4 chapters 51-5 at http://it.wikisource.org/wiki/Il_libro_del_Cortegiano.
English translation in: The Book of the Courtier. Translated by George Bull. London: Penguin, 1976.
Nicolò Machiavelli. Cap. XV: “Delle cose, mediante le quali gli uomini, e massimamente i Principi, sono lodati o vituperati”. At: http://it.wikisource.org/wiki/Il_Principe.
“Concerning things for which Men, and especially Princes, are Praised or Blamed” chapter 15 in The Prince. Translated by W. K. Marriott. eBooks@Adelaide, 2002.
Burke, Peter. “Tradition and Reception,” “The Courtier in its Time” chapters 1-2 in: The Fortunes of the Courtier. The European Reception of Castiglione’s Cortegiano. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1995.
Suggestions to further reading:
Norbert Elias, The Court Society, New York: Pantheon Books, 1983.
Eduardo Saccone, “Grazia, Sprezzatura, Affettazione in the Courtier”in: Castiglione: The Ideal and the Real in Renaissance Culture, eds. Robert W. Hanning & David Rosand, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983.
Images of man Peter Gillgren, Renaissance Portraits
Leon Battista Alberti. De re aedificatoria book 8, chapters 1-4 in On the art of building in ten books translated by Joseph Rykwert et al. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1988: 244-257.
Secondary text: Ciappelli, Giovanni. “Introduction” in Art, memory, and family in Renaissance Florence, edited by Giovanni Ciappelli and Patricia Rubin. Camridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000: 1-17.
Lewis, Francis Ames. “Neoplatonism and the Visual Arts at the Time of Marsilio Ficino” in Marsilio Ficino: his theology, his philosophy, his legacy” edited by Michael J. B. Allen and Valery Rees. Leiden: Brill, 2002: 327-338.
John Shearman. “Portraits and Poets” in Only Connect. Art and Spectator in the Italian Renaissance. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992: 108-148.
Unn Irene Aasdalen, Neoplatonism II
Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Oratio, first part of the oration. Accessible at http://cscs.umich.edu/~crshalizi/Mirandola/ (Please read the first nine paragraphs until the paragraph beginning with ”But what is the purpose of all this?”
Giovanni Pico della Mirandola. Heptaplus book 2 chapter 6 and book 4 chapter 7.
Burckhardt, Jacob. “The Development of the Individual Personality” in The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy. New York: Modern Library, 2002: 100-108.
Trinkaus, Charles. "Giovanni Pico della Mirandola on the Place of Man in the Cosmos: Egedio da Viterbo on the Dignity of Men and Angels" in In Our Image and Likeness: Humanity and Divinity in Italian Humanist Thought 2. Notre Dame, Ind: University of Notre Dame Press, 1995: 505-529.
The Roman academy: books and places TEXTS WILL BE UPLOADED SOON Primary text: