Nobel prize winners in physics



Download 334.05 Kb.
bet1/4
Sana13.05.2017
Hajmi334.05 Kb.
  1   2   3   4
Nobel prize winners in physics

The first Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded in 1901 to Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, of Germany, who received 150,782 SEK, which is equal to 7,731,004 SEK in December 2007.John Bardeen is the only laureate to win the prize twice—in 1956 and 1972. Maria Skłodowska-Curie also won two Nobel Prizes, for physics in 1903 and chemistry in 1911.William Lawrence Bragg was, until October 2014, the youngest ever Nobel laureate; he won the prize in 1915 at the age of 25.[5] Two women have won the prize: Curie andMaria Goeppert-Mayer (1963), which is the least of any of the original five Nobel Prizes.[6] As of 2015, the prize has been awarded to 200 individuals. There have been six years in which the Nobel Prize in Physics was not awarded (1916, 1931, 1934, 1940–1942).



Laureates[edit]

Year

Laureate[A]

Country[B]

Rationale[C]

1901

wilhelmröntgen.jpg

Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen

Germany

"in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by the discovery of the remarkable rays subsequently named after him"[7]

1902

h a lorentz (nobel).jpg

Hendrik Lorentz

Netherlands

"in recognition of the extraordinary service they rendered by their researches into the influence of magnetism uponradiation phenomena"[8]

pieter zeeman.jpg

Pieter Zeeman

Netherlands

1903

portrait of antoine-henri becquerel.jpg

Antoine Henri Becquerel

France

"for his discovery of spontaneous radioactivity"[9]

pierrecurie.jpg

Pierre Curie

France

"for their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel"[9]

mariecurie.jpg

Maria Skłodowska-Curie

Poland
France

1904

john william strutt.jpg

Lord Rayleigh

United Kingdom

"for his investigations of the densities of the most important gases and for his discovery of argon in connection with these studies"[10]

1905

phillipp lenard in 1900.jpg

Philipp Eduard Anton von Lenard

Austria-Hungary
Germany

"for his work on cathode rays"[11]

1906

j.j thomson.jpg

Joseph John Thomson

United Kingdom

"for his theoretical and experimental investigations on the conduction of electricity by gases"[12]

1907

albert abraham michelson2.jpg

Albert Abraham Michelson

United States

"for his optical precision instruments and the spectroscopic and metrological investigations carried out with their aid"[13]

1908

g lippmann.jpg

Gabriel Lippmann

France

"for his method of reproducing colours photographically based on the phenomenon of interference"[14]

1909

guglielmo marconi.jpg

Guglielmo Marconi

Italy

"for their contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy"[15]

ferdinand braun.jpg

Karl Ferdinand Braun

Germany

1910

johannes diderik van der waals.jpg

Johannes Diderik van der Waals

Netherlands

"for his work on the equation of state for gases and liquids"[16]

1911

wilhelm wien 1911.jpg

Wilhelm Wien

Germany

"for his discoveries regarding the laws governing the radiation of heat"[17]

1912

nils gustaf dalén.jpg

Nils Gustaf Dalén

Sweden

"for his invention of automatic valves designed to be used in combination with gas accumulators in lighthouses and buoys"[18]

1913

kamerlingh portret.jpg

Heike Kamerlingh-Onnes

Netherlands

"for his investigations on the properties of matter at low temperatures which led, inter alia, to the production of liquid helium"[19]

1914

max von laue 1914.jpg

Max von Laue

Germany

"For his discovery of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals",[20] an important step in the development of X-ray spectroscopy.

1915

wh-bragg.jpg

William Henry Bragg

United Kingdom

"For their services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays",[21] an important step in the development ofX-ray crystallography

wl-bragg.jpg

William Lawrence Bragg

Australia

United Kingdom



1916

Not awarded World War I

1917

charles glover barkla.jpg

Charles Glover Barkla

United Kingdom

"For his discovery of the characteristic Röntgen radiation of the elements",[22] another important step in the development of X-ray spectroscopy

1918

max planck 1933.jpg

Max Planck

Germany

"for the services he rendered to the advancement of physics by his discovery of energy quanta"[23]

1919

johannes stark.jpg

Johannes Stark

Germany

"for his discovery of the Doppler effect in canal rays and the splitting of spectral lines in electric fields"[24]

1920

guillaume 1920.jpg

Charles Édouard Guillaume

Switzerland

"for the service he has rendered to precision measurements in physics by his discovery of anomalies in nickel-steel alloys"[25]

1921

einstein1921 by f schmutzer 4.jpg

Albert Einstein

Germany
Switzerland

"for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect"[26]

1922

niels bohr.jpg

Niels Bohr

Denmark

"for his services in the investigation of the structure of atoms and of the radiation emanating from them"[27]

1923

robert andrews millikan 1920s.jpg

Robert Andrews Millikan

United States

"for his work on the elementary charge of electricity and on the photoelectric effect"[28]

1924

1924 karl manne siegbahn.jpg

Manne Siegbahn

Sweden

"for his discoveries and research in the field of X-ray spectroscopy"[29]

1925

james franck 1925.jpg

James Franck

Germany

"for their discovery of the laws governing the impact of an electron upon an atom"[30]

gustav hertz.jpg

Gustav Hertz

Germany

1926

jean perrin 1926.jpg

Jean Baptiste Perrin

France

"for his work on the discontinuous structure of matter, and especially for his discovery of sedimentation equilibrium"[31]

1927

arthur compton.jpg

Arthur Holly Compton

United States

"for his discovery of the effect named after him"[32]

ctr wilson.jpg

Charles Thomson Rees Wilson

United Kingdom

"for his method of making the paths of electrically charged particles visible by condensation of vapour"[32]

1928

owen richardson.jpg

Owen Willans Richardson

United Kingdom

"for his work on the thermionic phenomenon and especially for the discovery of the law named after him"[33]

1929

broglie big.jpg

Louis Victor Pierre Raymond, 7th Duc de Broglie

France

"for his discovery of the wave nature of electrons"[34]

1930

sir cv raman.jpg

Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman

India

"for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him"[35]

1931

Not awarded

1932

bundesarchiv bild183-r57262, werner heisenberg.jpg

Werner Heisenberg

Germany

"for the creation of quantum mechanics, the application of which has, inter alia, led to the discovery of the allotropicforms of hydrogen"[36]

1933

erwin schrödinger (1933).jpg

Erwin Schrödinger

Austria

"for the discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory"[37]

dirac 4.jpg

Paul Dirac

United Kingdom

1934

Not awarded

1935

james chadwick.tif

James Chadwick

United Kingdom

"for the discovery of the neutron"[38]

1936

hess.jpg

Victor Francis Hess

Austria

"for his discovery of cosmic radiation"[39]

carl anderson.jpg

Carl David Anderson

United States

"for his discovery of the positron"[39]

1937

clinton davisson.jpg

Clinton Joseph Davisson

United States

"for their experimental discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals"[40]

george paget thomson.jpg

George Paget Thomson

United Kingdom

1938

enrico fermi 1943-49 140x190.jpg

Enrico Fermi

Italy

"for his demonstrations of the existence of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons"[41]


Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:
  1   2   3   4


Ma'lumotlar bazasi mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan ©hozir.org 2017
ma'muriyatiga murojaat qiling

    Bosh sahifa