Listening(Easy)



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Listening(Easy).

I think the Internet is the greatest _______________________. Think how it has changed the world. So much information is out there. _______________________ changed my life. I can chat with friends, download music, buy books and _______________________ I need for my homework. It took days or _______________________ any of these things before the Internet. I spend hours every day online. I think I _______________________ too long. I’m sure _______________________ computer screen all day isn’t good for my eyes. I think it’s also _______________________. I need to exercise a little more. The only thing I don’t like about the Internet _______________________ be dangerous. I don’t really _______________________ personal information online, especially on _______________________ sites like Facebook.

What is the lecture mainly about?(2-difficult).

Abuse of the Internet

Internet versatility

A physical disease

A type of mental illness

2

According to the professor, what is one way that Internet Addiction Disorder affects sleep?



It improves rest by making Internet users tired.

It promotes a faster onset of the REM sleep stage.

It causes people to dream about being online.

It interferes with Internet users' brain waves.

3

According to the lecture, which of the following statements is NOT true?



A new drug has proven successful in helping people with IAD.

Some doctors are treating IAD the same way as drinking and gambling addictions.

Ivan Goldberg says internet addicts cannot help themselves.

There are several successful cases of people overcoming IAD.

4

According to the professor, what is a sign of Internet Addiction Disorder?



A craving for more time online

Chronic back pain from sitting down too long

A preference for increased social interactions

Disinterest in books and information about the Internet

Listen again to part of the passage and answer the following question.

Audio Player

What does the professor imply when he says this: Rumor has it some even use the Internet to research term papers [laughter].

He believes most students use the Internet for school assignments.

He suspects that many of his students do not use the Internet for serious study.

He knows that few of his students would use the Internet for term papers.

He thinks that a majority of his students do not know how to use a computer.

Reading.


What is the internet?(easy)

The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet protocol suite, a set of communications protocols, to serve billions of users worldwide. The internet has reshaped and redefined most traditional communications media including telephone, music, film, and television. This has given birth to new services. Newspaper, book and other print publishing are adapting to Web site technology, or are reshaped into blogging and web feeds.

The Internet has enabled or accelerated new forms of human interactions through instant messaging, Internet forums, and social networking. Online shopping has boomed both for major retail outlets and small artisans and traders. Business-to-business and financial services on the Internet affect supply chains across entire industries.

The origins of the Internet reach back to research of the 1960s, commissioned by the United States government in collaboration with private commercial interests to build robust, fault-tolerant, and distributed computer networks. The commercialization of what was by the 1990s an international network resulted in its popularization and incorporation into virtually every aspect of modern human life. As of 2011, more than 2.1 billion people — nearly a third of Earth's population — use the services of the Internet

Source: Wikipedia

Comprehension:

The internet has completetly dethroned traditional media.

a. True


b. False

The internet has had an impact on commerce.

a. True

b. False


The internet was first introduced in the 1990s.

a. True


b. False

More than a quarter of the Earth'spopulation are internet users

a. True

b. False


Internet History(difficult)

Many people believe one of the greatest inventions of all time has been the Internet and the World Wide Web. The Internet is a world-wide computer network and it provides a variety of information and communication services. It consists of interconnected networks using special communication protocols, or rules.

The Internet includes the World Wide Web (WWW), which allows documents to be connected to other documents by things called links. The links enable a user of the WWW to search for information from one document to another. Many people believe the Internet and the World Wide Web is the same thing, but it is not. The WWW is a portion of the Internet and is the way of accessing information over the medium called the Internet.

One can think of it as television shows and broadcast networks. The broadcast networks carry the TV shows in the same way the Internet carries the web pages for people to browse through or use, just like when people browse and watch shows and movies on a TV.

The invention of the Internet took many years, but it can be traced back to the 1960s, when the USSR (Soviet Russia), launched a satellite into space called Sputnik. The launch motivated scientists and researchers in the United States to begin exploring new technology which led to the early beginnings of the Internet.

In 1965, two computers at MIT began to 'communicate' with each other using technology called packet-switching. In 1969, the United States Defense Department's Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARAPNET) became involved and funded research which developed many of the protocols used for Internet communication today.

On October 29, 1969, an attempt of sending the first message takes place from the Stanford Research Institute to several other universities, however, the first message was unable to be sent because the system crashed. Nevertheless, the second attempt was successful. The Internet was born, but it was mostly between universities which were part of the ARAPNET.

There is not one single person responsible for the 'invention' of the computer or the Internet. However, the idea of the Internet has been credited to Leonard Kleinrock, based on a paper he published in 1961. And when the Internet of today began to be developed in the late 1960s, the people credited with the invention of the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and the Internet Protocol (IP), (the rules for the Internet) was Robert Kahn and Vint Cerf. In addition, Tim Berners-Lee first introduced the World Wide Web (WWW) to the public on August 6, 1991, with a series of sites and pages related to the links.

The Internet Domain Name System was established in 1983 using address endings such as .edu, .com, .org, .gov, and many others. The first dot-com domain name was registered two years later, March 15, 1985 by Symbolics.com, which was a computer corporation in Massachusetts. In 1993 there were just 600 active websites but 24 years later in 2017, the number of active websites reached nearly one billion.

The Internet and the World Wide Web, and the thousands of applications used by billions of people throughout the world today, would not be possible without the contributions of many, many people. The Internet and web continues to grow and change, but one thing is certain, it has changed the lives of people everywhere.

1) Which of the following was the first connected network which allowed computers to communicate with each other?

A: ARAPNET

B: WWW

C: TCP


D: IP

2) Which of the following groups was the first users of the Internet?

A: Hospitals

B: Universities

C: Businesses

D: Governments

3) Which of the following events occurred first in the history of the Internet?

A: World Wide Web introduced to the public

B: United Sates Defense Department funded research for Internet protocols

C: The Domain Name System was established

D: The number of active websites reached 1 billion

4) Which of the following domain name endings was most likely used first on the World Wide Web?

A: .com

B: .org


C: .edu

D: .gov


5) Which of the following was the first dot-com domain name registered on March 15, 1985?

A: Sputnik.com

B: Arapnet.gov

C: MIT.edu

D: Symbolics.com

6) Which of the following people is credited with having the idea of the Internet based on a paper he published in 1961?

A: Leonard Kleinrock

B: Robert Kahn



C: Vint Cerf

D: Tim Berners-Lee
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