«инглиз тили лексикологияси» кафедраси


Questions for self-control



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Referati mavzu Badiiy gimnastika mashg‘ulotlarini tashkil qilis, onun ustuvorligi fuarolik zhamiyatin, 4-mavzu, 02. GLOSSARIY, 01 MARUZA MATNI 763c0d098935187e80a0a1cf77c41178, [Muhin YU.N., Gabushin V.N., Unegova T.A.] Geometr(BookFi), Аттестация Баённома феврал 2022 йил, YUPITER SAYYORASI, TARIX ALISHER NAMOZOV, Xalqaro tijorat arbitraji, Xalqaro tijorat arbitraji, Xalqaro tijorat arbitraji, 3032100793, akmaljon
Questions for self-control: 
1.
What methods of investigation do you know? 
2.
How do you understand panchronical approach to thecomparison of 
language systems? 
3.
Characterize substantial and non-substantial types of comparison. Which is 
used in modern linguistics? 
4.
What can you say about theinternal and external approach to 
thecomparison? 
5.
Give the division of linguistic typology with the respect to different 
criteria. 
Recommended Literature: 
1. Аракин В.Д. Сравнительная типология английского и русского 
языков. Ленинград, 1979.


23 
2. Буранов Ж. Инглиз ва ўзбек тиллари қиѐсий грамматикаси. Тошкент, 
1973. 
3. David Crystal. A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. Oxford:
Blackwell, 1991. 
4. Robbins Burling, Patterns of Language. Structure, Variation, Change. 
San Diego: Academic Press, 1992. 
5. William Croft. Typology and Universals. Cambridge UNI Press, 2003. 
6.
Comparative-Historical 
Linguistics. 
(n.d.) 
The 
Great 
Soviet 
Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition
. (1970-1979). Retrieved August 1, 2016, from 
http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Comparative-Historical+Linguistics 
LECTURE 5. PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY AS DIFFERENT 
BRANCHES OF LINGUISTICS 
 
Key words:
Phonetics, articulatory, phonological, speech apparatus
acoustic (physical)
 
The term ―phonetics‖ is the Greek word (―phone‖-meaning sound, voice and 
―tika‖ – a science/box) by origin. It deals with oral speech. Nevertheless, the 
definition as ―the study of the sounds of a language‖ is not sufficient in modern 
linguistics. Nowadays phonetics is a ―science which studies the phonetic substance 
and the expression area of the language, or otherwise a physical media of a 
language (sounds, syllables, stress, and intonation)‖ [A. Abduazizov.2007,6]. 
Phonetics has the following four main aspects:

articulatory (physiological)

acoustic (physical)

perceptual (auditory)

phonological (social, functional, linguistic). 

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