Definitions – extra requirement Dentistry students



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Definitions – extra requirement


Definitions – extra requirement

Dentistry students

signal molecules - in a different file! 15 + 16. lectures: Signaling pathways

inhibition of JAK/STAT signaling pathway 16. lecture: Main signaling pathways – I

Hyperdontia


Anodontia
Oligodontia
Hypodontia
Gardner's syndrome

dentiogenesis imperfecta


amelogenesis imperfecta
sialofosfoprotein dentin (DSPP)
ameloblast
cementoblast
dentoblast
enamel junction
MAP kinase
GF (growth factor)
GFR kinase
BMP (bone morphogenetic protein)
Wnt signal path
APC (adenomatous polyposis coli)
beta katenin

determinism theory 18. lecture: Immunbiology - I

stochastic theory

complement system

coagulation system

lactoferrin, transferrin

interferon

lysozyme


phospholipase

defensin


interleukin

makrophage

myeloid cells

lymphoid cells

natural killer cells

Hematopoetic stem cells (HSCs)

Myelocytes

erythrocyte

hematopoetic growth factors

hematopoetic transcription factors

autoimmune desease

receptor editing

clonal deletion

clonal inactivation

clonal supression

junctional diversification

allelic exclusion

antibody genes

Rag V(D)J recombinase

recombination signal

switch sequence

HPA axis 20. lecture: Genes and Behavior

amygdala

hyppocampus

hypothalamus

Drd4 gene (dopamin receptor) – adventure gene

social-darwinism

eugenics


artificial embryo twinning 21. lecture: Cloning

in vitro fertilisation (IVF)

benefits of cloning

chimeras

hybrids


21. lecture: Recombinant gentechnology

Protest by the society against gentechnology

protein engineering

recombinant antibody

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) 21. lecture: Cancer

Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus

Hepatitis B virus (HBV)

Pre-metastatic niche conception

c-myc

c-Fos


c-Jun

inflammation and cancer



Helicobacter pylori

c-onc, v-onc

Rous sarcoma virus

angiogenesis

The mutant-gene paradigm

“master” genes

Increased mutation rate theory

early instability theory

aneuploidy theory

Cancer stem cell theory

Driver and passenger mutations

parasite tumor cells

thalassemia 24. lecture: Monogenic disorders

galactosemia

Hemophilia

Marfan syndrome

achondroplasia

Albinism

Tay-Sachs disease

obesity - monogenic type

color blindness

color vision deficiency

achromatia

monochromacy

dichromacy

protanopia, deuteranopia, tritanopia

anomalous trichromacy

cone

rod


neuropeptid Y (NPY) 24. lecture: Obesity, Osteoporosis, Mitochondrial diseases

melanocortin-4 receptor

rank ligand

heteroplasmy

aneroxia nervosa

leptin


POMC

orexigen signals

osteoporosis

bone matrix remodeling

mitochondrial disease

mitochondrial DNA

syntitium 24. lecture: Cardiovascular diseases

Purkinje fibres

atrioventricular (or AV) node

His-bundle

EKG

gap junction



tachycardia

bradycardia

arrythmic triggering factor

ischemia


angina pectoris

cholesterol

hypertony

“all or nothing” principle

action potentials

arrythmia

sudden cardiac death

long QT syndrome

Romano-Ward syndrome

allergy 24. lecture: Immunological disorders

histamine

gastroenteritis

hay fever

Type IV hypersensitivity

diabetes type 2

Hypersensitivity

asthma

Reumatoid arthritis



insulin-dependent diabetes (type I.)

types of anxiety 25. lecture: Mental disorders of the mind

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

types of depression

Electroconvulsive therapy

antidepressant

tricyclic antidepressant

MAO inhibitors

types of schizophrenia

genetics of suicid

prion 25. lecture: Disorders of the brain

Creutzfeld-Jakob disease

kuru

scrapie


trinucleotide repeat disorder

polyQ disease – non-polyQ disease

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

SOD1 gene

Parkinson disease - treatment

germ line cell 26. lecture: Stem cells

mesenchymal (stromal) stem cell

skin stem cells

neural stem cells

Induced pluripotent stem cells

ADA gene therapy 26. lecture: Gene therapy

cystic fibrosis gene therapy

photopigment gene therapy

limitations of predictive medicine 27. lecture: Medical Genomics

genetic testing of newborns

prenatal testing

amniocentesis

chordocentesis

preimplantation genetic testing

preimplantation genetic diagnostic

preimplantation genetic screening

carrier testing

preconception testing

linkage disequilibrium

common disease-common variant hypothesis

Rare Genetic Variant hypothesis

tag SNP

HapMap Project



HapMap

GWA (Genome-wide association studies)

genetic distance

genetic mapping – parametric method

genetic mapping – non parametric method

RFLP


microsatellite marker

luciferase 28. lecture: Frontiers of Molecular Biology

cre-loxP system 28. lecture: Frontiers of Molecular Biology

conditional knock-out animal

brainbow


tetracycline system

Tet-ON + Tet-OFF system

synthetic life 28. lecture: Frontiers of Molecular Biology

synthetic genomics

X174 bacteriophage

Mycoplasma

metagenomics

TaqMan Probe Practice, Seminar

Reverse Transcription PCR (RT-PCR)

Pyrosequencing

SMRT (Single Molecule Real-Time technology)

Nanopore sequencing

Please note that the definition list contains terms, that only occurs in the "Definitions" section of the exam paper.



To learning just this material are not substitute the meaningful learning of the whole material.






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