China Council for the Promotion of International Trade (ccpit) 2009 Preface



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Bicycle manufacturing industry


In 2008,bicycle manufacturing industry generated 2.7%, a relatively small proportion of total industrial output value of light industry. It mainly includes bicycle, wheelchair and electric bikes.

The number of bicycle manufacturing enterprises increased from 903 in 2004 to 1,035 in November 2008. During the same period, the asset size increased from 31.3 billion yuan to 43.2 billion yuan. The total industrial output value and industrial sales value increased from 43.3 billion yuan and 42.5 billion yuan to 62.0 billion yuan and 60.1 billion respectively. The contribution margin increased from 1.3 billion yuan to 1.6 billion yuan. The employees increased from 18,000 persons to 19,000 persons.

Figure 5 143 Scale size of bicycle manufacturing industry 2004-2008


Item

Jan.-Nov. 2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

Number of enterprises

1035

1000

916

843

903

Average annual employees (10,000 persons)

1.9

1.8

1.8

1.7

1.8

Total asset(100 million yuan)

432

410

380

318

313

Total industrial output value(100 million yuan)

620

605

526

464

433

Industrial sales revenue(100 million yuan)

601

597

516

452

425

Contribution margin(100 million yuan)

16

15

14

13

13

Source: China National Light Industry Council

The sales cost of bicycle manufacturing industry increased from 38.2 billion yuan in 2004 to 53.8 billion yuan in the first 11 months of 2008. Among that, the sales cost was 46.4 billion yuan in 2006 and 53.2 billion yuan in 2007, up by 14.7% on a year-on-year basis. The sales cost increased by 16.2% on a year-on-year basis in the first 11 months of 2008. The management expense was 1.74 billion yuan in 2004, up by 36.5% on a year-on-year basis, and 2.14 billion yuan in 2008, up by 11.7% on a year-on-year basis. The management expense peaked at 2.22 billion yuan in 2007, up by 19.1% on a year-on-year basis at the fastest speed in recent 3 years. The management expense dropped by 7.2% in 2005 on a year-on-year basis. The financial expense was 250 million yuan in 2004, up by 26.7% on a year-on-year basis, 230 million yuan in 2005, up by 4.7% on a year-on-year basis, 350 million yuan in 2006, up by 50.7%on a year-on-year basis and 480 million yuan in 2007, up by 36.6% on a year-on-year basis. The financial expense stood at 480 million yuan in the first 11 months of 2008, up by 32.7% on a year-on-year basis.

Figure 5 144 Costs and expenses of bicycle manufacturing industry 2004-2008

Item

Jan.-Nov. 2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

Sales costs (100million RMB)

538

532

464

408

382

Year-on-year growth (%)

16.2

14.7

13.7

6.8

43.6

Management expenses (100million RMB)

21.4

22.2

18.7

16.1

17.4

Year-on-year growth (%)

11.7

19.1

15.7

-7.2

36.5

Financial expenses (100million RMB)

4.8

4.8

3.5

2.3

2.5

Year-on-year growth (%)

32.7

36.6

50.7

-4.7

26.7

Source: China National Light Industry Council

The asset growth rate of bicycle manufacturing industry reached as high as 33.2% in 2004 but dropped to 1.8% in 2005. It stood at 7.8% in 2007 and 8.0% in the first 11 months of 2008. The asset-liability rate encountered an obvious change, which reached 73.8% in 2004, 65.4% in 2005 and 66% in the first 11 months of 2008. The profit growth kept going up steadily from 2005 to 2007 but saw a drop in 2008. The profit growth rate was 46.1% in 2004, 6.0% in 2005, 5.6% in 2006 and 7.5% in 2007. It became 1.5% in the first 11 months of 2008. The industry saw a remarkable decrease in profit growth. The total industrial output value growth of this industry stood at 39.8% in 2004, 13.4% in 2006 and 13.9% in the first 11 months of 2008. The annual employee growth rate reached 37.6% in 2004 at the highest speed in recent 5 years. It decreased by 5.8% in 2005. It stood at 3.7% in the first 11 months of 2008.

Figure 5 145 Profit growth of bicycle manufacturing industry 2004-2008

Unit: (%)



Item

Jan.- Nov. 2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

Asset growth rate

8.0

7.8

19.3

1.8

33.2

Asset-liability

66.1

66.8

59.2

65.4

73.8

Profit growth rate

1.5

7.5

5.6

6.0

46.1

Growth rate of total industrial output value

13.9

15.1

13.4

7.1

39.8

Annual employee growth rate

3.7

2.9

6.5

-5.8

37.6

Source: China National Light Industry Council

The two-wheeled bicycles output was 63.749 million in 2004, up by 8.0% on a year-on-year basis and 56.310 million in 2005, up by 12.3% on a year-on-year basis. It speeded up in 2006 to be 19.6% on a year-on-year basis. The years of 2007 and 2008 saw a constant drop, which is 65.498 million in 2007, down by 2.7% on a year-on-year basis and 63.749 million in 2008, down by 2.7% on a year-on-year basis.

Figure 5 146 Output of two-wheeled bicycles 2004-2008


Item

Jan.- Nov. 2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

Output (10,000)

6374.9

6549.8

6732.7

5631.0

5001.3

Growth rate (%)

-2.7

-2.7

19.6

12.6

8.0

Source: China National Light Industry Council


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