Chapter 2 – The Rise of the Atlantic World, 1400-1625

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Name: ______________________________

AP US History

Mr. Fertick

Chapter 2 – The Rise of the Atlantic World, 1400-1625

Identifications: After reading Chapter 2, you should be able to identify and explain the historical significance of each of the following:

Columbian Exchange

Gold Coast



Ferdinand and Isabella

enclosure movement

market economy

joint-stock company

Protestant Reformation

Martin Luther

Calvin and predestination

Counter Reformation

Henry VIII



Mayflower Compact

Squanto and Samoset



conversion experience

Prince Henry the Navigator

Trans-Atlantic/“New” Slavery

Christopher Columbus

Treaty of Tordesillas

Vasco de Gama

John Cabot

Vasco Nunez de Balboa

Cortes and Pizarro

Encomienda system

Columbian Exchange

St. Augustine, Florida

Northwest Passage

Samuel de Champlain

Spanish Armada

Elizabeth I

“Lost Colony” of Roanoke

Virginia Company of London

Captain John Smith


John Rolfe

“Starving Time”


Headright system


Virginia General Assembly

House of Burgesses

New Netherland

Thought Questions:
1. Compare and contrast the early founding and settlement of the Virginia and Plymouth.
2. Discuss the religious and the economic conditions in 16th and early 17th century England that made the English interested in exploration and colonization in the Western Hemishpere.
3. “The Atlantic world brought few benefits to West Africans and Native Americans.” Assess the validity of this statement

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