Ch. 2/4 “Kingdom of Kush” Notes Terms
Ch. 2/4 “Kingdom of Kush” Notes
Why is it Important?
Egypt’s southern neighbors.
2,000 BC to 200’s BC
This strong civilization developed in Nubia and later became known as Kush. As Egypt
fell into a state of decline
, the Kushites preserved Egypt’s culture.
Nubian kingdom that developed closed ties to Egypt.
Egypt traded with this Nubian kingdom and hired its warriors to fight for Egypt. Kerma’s pharaohs admired Egypt and were buried in pyramids.
city of Kush
Powerful Kushite kings ruled from Napata and helped the city grow rich through trade.
He was the first Kushite king to invade Egypt.
Once Kashta’s kingdom was rich and strong enough his soldiers began the conquest of Egypt.
Kashta’s son overthrew the Libyan dynasty that had ruled Egypt for 200 years.
He conquered Egypt and founded its 25
dynasty that ruled both Egypt and Kush from Napata.
Egypt and Kush
The Assyrians invaded Egypt and drove the Kushites back to Nubia. The Kushites prospered after learning to make iron tools and weapons from the Assyrians.
New Capital city of Kush and the center of trade and iron making.
540’s to 200’s BC
This new capital was out of the reach of the Assyrians and close to deposits of iron ore along the Nile R.
The kingdom that replaced Kush.
Kush began to weaken
, Axum invaded and burned the city of Meroё to the ground.
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