Ch. 2/4 “Kingdom of Kush” Notes Terms



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Ch. 2/4 “Kingdom of Kush” Notes

Terms

Who

What

When

Where

Why is it Important?


Nubia/Kush




Egypt’s southern neighbors.

2,000 BC to 200’s BC

Present-day Sudan

This strong civilization developed in Nubia and later became known as Kush. As Egypt fell into a state of decline, the Kushites preserved Egypt’s culture.

Kerma




Nubian kingdom that developed closed ties to Egypt.

1,000’s BC

Present-day Sudan

Egypt traded with this Nubian kingdom and hired its warriors to fight for Egypt. Kerma’s pharaohs admired Egypt and were buried in pyramids.

Napata




Capital city of Kush

850 BC

Present-day Sudan

Powerful Kushite kings ruled from Napata and helped the city grow rich through trade.

Kashta

Kushite King

He was the first Kushite king to invade Egypt.

750 BC

Kush

Once Kashta’s kingdom was rich and strong enough his soldiers began the conquest of Egypt.

Piankhi

Kushite King

Kashta’s son overthrew the Libyan dynasty that had ruled Egypt for 200 years.

728 BC

Kush

He conquered Egypt and founded its 25th dynasty that ruled both Egypt and Kush from Napata.

Assyrians




Mesopotamian warriors

600’s BC

Egypt and Kush

The Assyrians invaded Egypt and drove the Kushites back to Nubia. The Kushites prospered after learning to make iron tools and weapons from the Assyrians.

Meroё




New Capital city of Kush and the center of trade and iron making.

540’s to 200’s BC

Present-day Sudan

This new capital was out of the reach of the Assyrians and close to deposits of iron ore along the Nile R.

Axum




The kingdom that replaced Kush.

350 BC

Ethiopia

As Kush began to weaken, Axum invaded and burned the city of Meroё to the ground.


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