Appendix: Supplemental References

Download 13.2 Kb.
Hajmi13.2 Kb.
Appendix: Supplemental References
The results from this study are generally consistent with previously reported associations of ambient air pollution and respiratory morbidity.1-41 ED visits for respiratory outcomes have been relatively consistently associated with ozone1,4,6,8,9,10,11,14-16,19,24,25,28,29 and PM10,2,10,17,19,20,24,25,29 and to a lesser extent with NO2,5,11,13,16,29 SO2,3,6,8,13,17,24 and CO.20,28
1. Cody RP, Weisel CP, Birnbaum G, Lioy PJ. The effect of ozone associated with summertime photochemical smog on the frequency of asthma visits to hospital emergency departments. Environ Res. 1992;58:184-194.

2. Schwartz J, Slater D, Larson TV, Pierson WE. Particulate air pollution and hospital emergency room visits for asthma in Seattle. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1993;147:826-831.

3. Sunyer J, Saez M, Murillo C, Castellsague J, Martinez F, Anto JM. Air pollution and emergency room admissions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a 5-year study. Am J Epidemiol. 1993;137:701-705.

4. White MC, Etzel RA, Wilcox WD, Lloyd C. Exacerbations of childhood asthma and ozone pollution in Atlanta. Environ Res. 1994;65:56-68.

5. Castellsague J, Sunyer J, Saez M, Anto JM. Short-term association between air pollution and emergency room visits for asthma in Barcelona. Thorax. 1995;50:1051-1056.

6. Romieu I, Meneses F, Sienra-Monge JJL, et al. Effects of urban air pollutants on emergency visits for childhood asthma in Mexico City. Am J Epidemiol.1995;141:546-553.

7. Weisel C, Cody RP, Lioy PJ. Relationship between summertime ambient ozone levels and emergency department visits for asthma in central New Jersey. Environ Health Perspect. 1995;103(Suppl 2);97-102.

8. Buchdahl R, Parker A, Stebbings T, Babiker A. Association between air pollution and acute childhood wheezy episodes: prospective observational study. Brit Med J. 1996;312:661-665.

9. Stieb DM, Burnett RT, Beveridge RC, Brook JR. Association between ozone and asthma emergency department visits in Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada. Environ Health Perspect. 1996;104:1354-1360.

10. Delfino RJ, Murphy-Moulton AM, Burnett RT, Brook JR, Becklake MR. Effects of air pollution on emergency room visits for respiratory illnesses in Montreal, Quebec. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1997;155:568-576.

11. Holmen A, Blomqvist J, Frindberg H, et al. Frequency of patients with acute asthma in relation to ozone, nitrogen dioxide, other pollutants of ambient air and meteorological observations. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 1997;69:317-322.

12. Lipsett M, Hurley S, Ostro B. Air pollution and emergency room visits for asthma in Santa Clara County, California. Environ Health Perspect. 1997;105:216-222.

13. Sunyer J, Spix C, Quenel P, et al. Urban air pollution and emergency admissions for asthma in four European cities: the APHEA project. Thorax. 1997;52:760-765.

14. Yang W, Jennison BL, Omaye ST. Air pollution and asthma emergency room visits in Reno, Nevada. Inhal Tox.1997;9:15-29.

15. Delfino RJ, Murphy-Molton AM, Becklake MR. Emeergency room visits for respiratory illnesses among the elderly in Montreal: association with low level ozone. Environ Res. 1998;76:67-77.

16. Tenias JM, Ballester F, Rivera ML. Association between hospital emergency visits for asthma and air pollution in Valencia, Spain. Occup Environ Med. 1998;55:541-547.

17. Atkinson RW, Anderson HR, Stachan DP, Bland JM, Bremmer SA, Ponce de Leon A. Short-term associations between outdoor air pollution and visits to accident and emergency departments in London for respiratory complaints. Eur Respir J. 1999;13:257-265.

18. Illabaca M, Olaeta I, Campos E, Villaire J, Tellez-Rojo MM, Romieu I. Association between levels of fine particulate and emergency visits for pneumonia and other respiratory illnesses among children in Santiago, Chile. J Air Waste Management Assoc. 1999; 49: 154-163.

19. Lin CA, Martins MA, Farhat SCL, et al. Air pollution and respiratory illness of children in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiol. 1999;13:475-488.

20. Norris G, YoungPong SN, Koenig JQ, Larson TV, Sheppard L, Stout JW. An association between fine particles and asthma emergency department visits for children in Seattle. Environ Health Perspect. 1999;107:489-493.

21. Buchdahl R, Willems CD, Vander M, Babiker A. Associations between ambient ozone, hydrocarbons, and childhood wheezy episodes: a prospective observational study in southeast London. Occup Environ Med. 2000;57:86-93.

22. Fauroux B, Sampil M, Quenel P, Lemoullec Y. Ozone: A trigger for hospital pediatric emergency room visits. Pediatric Pulmonology. 2000; 30: 41 – 46.

23. Norris G, Larson T, Koenig J, Claiborn C, Sheppard L, Finn D. Asthma aggravation, combustion, and stagnant air. Thorax. 2000;55:466-470.

24. Steib DM, Beveridge RC, Brook JR, et al. Air pollution, aeroallergens and cardiorespiratory emergency department visits in Saint John, Canada. J Exp Anal Environ Epidemol. 2000;10:461-477.

25. Tolbert PE, Mulholland JA, MacIntosh DL, et al. Air quality and pediatric emergency room visits for asthma in Atlanta. Am J Epidemiol. 2000;151:798-810.

26. Chen L, Omaye ST. Air pollution and health effects in northern Nevada. Rev Environ Health. 2001;16:133-149.

27. Martins LC, Latorre MRDO, Saldiva PHN, et al. Air pollution and emergency room visits due to chronic lower respiratory diseases in the elderly: an ecological time-series study in Sao Paulo, Brazil. J Occup Environ Med. 2002;44:622-627.

28. Tenias JM, Ballestar F, Perez-Hoyos S, Rivera ML. Air pollution and hospital emergency room admissions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Valencia, Spain. Arch Environ Health. 2002;57:41-47.

29. Galan I, Tobias A, Banegas JR, Aranquez E. Short-term effects of air pollution on daily asthma emergency room admissions. Eur Resp J. 2003;22:802-808.

3022. Burnett RT, Brook JR, Yung WT, Dales RE, Krewski D. Association between ozone and hospitalization for respiratory diseases in 16 Canadian cities. Environ Res. 1997;12:24-31.

3123. Samet JM, Zeger SL, Dominici F,et al. The Nnational Mmorbidity, Mmortality, and Aair Ppollution Sstudy part II: morbidity, mortality, and air pollution in the United States. Research Report 94. Cambridge MA: Health Effects Institute; 2000.

3224. Schwartz J, Zanobetti A, Bateston T. Morbidity and mortality among elderly residents of cities with daily PM measurements. In: Revised analyses of time-series studies of air pollution and health. Special Report. Boston MA: Health Effects Institute; 2003: 25-58.

3325. Zanobetti A, Schwartz J, Dockery D. Airborne particles are a risk factor for hospital admissions for heart and lung disease. Environ Health Perspect. 2000;108:1071-1077.

3426. Atkinson RW, Anderson HR, Sunyer J, et al. Acute effects of particulate air pollution on respiratory admissions: results from APHEA 2 project. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2001;164:1860-1866.

3538. Friedman MS, Powell KE, Hutwagner L, Graham LM, and Teague WG. Impact of changes in transportation and commuting behaviors during the 1996 Summer Olympic Games in Atlanta on Air Quality and Childhood Asthma. J Am Med Assoc. 2001;285:897-905.

3639. Thurston GD, Ito K, Kinney PL, Lippman M. A multi-year study of air pollution and respiratory hospital admissions in three New York state metropolitan areas: results for 1988 and 1989 summers. J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol. 1992;2:429-450.

370. Burnett RT, Dales RE, Raizenne ME et al. Effects of low ambient levels of ozone and sulfate on the frequency of respiratory admissions to Ontario hospitals. Environ Res. 1994;65:172-194.

3841. Burnett RT, Dales R, Krewski D, Vincent R, Dann T, Brook JR. Associations between ambient particulate sulfate and admissions to Ontario hospitals for cardiac and respiratory diseases. Am J Epidemiol. 1995;142:15-22.

3942. Burnett RT, Cakmak S, Brook JR, Krewski D. The role of particulate size and chemistry in the association between summertime ambient air pollution and hospitalization for cardiorespiratory diseases. Environ Health Perspect. 1997;105:614-620.

4043. Gwynn RC, Burnett RT, Thurston GD. A time-series analysis of acidic particulate matter and daily mortality and morbidity in the Buffalo, New York, region. Environ Health Perspect. 2000;108:125-133.

4144. Lippmann M, Ito K, Nadas A, Burnett RT. Associations of particulate matter components with daily mortality and morbidity in urban populations. Research Report 95. Cambridge MA: Health Effects Institute; 2000.

Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:

Ma'lumotlar bazasi mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan © 2017
ma'muriyatiga murojaat qiling

    Bosh sahifa