1. What is the forms of unspoken communication?



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1.What is the forms of unspoken communication?

In today’s society our communication patterns have been completely redefined. Calling, and especially texting have all sorts of unspoken rules about what is the right thing to do, and even though there are many things that bother us, some things just need to be accepted for what they are and not be taken so personally.Our face-to-face interactions with other people are governed by a complex set of rules, of which we are mostly unaware. For decades now, social scientists have been unraveling the threads of face-to-face interaction, investigating everything from descriptions of body posture used to indicate interest in starting a conversation, to eye gaze dynamics used to convey liking or disliking, to the myriad ways that language can convey attitude, social status, relationship status and affective state. Even though we are not always aware of them, these rules underpin how we make sense of and navigate in our social world.

2.What can you say about Segregated skill?

As much as I'd like to say no, I think that segregating students based on ability would be helpful. I think that students of all levels would benefit from this. Gifted students could excel, and those that are struggling can get the attention they need. Each student is different, though, so if they excel in math but aren't good at English, they should be in the gifted math and in the slower paced English class. That way no one would get left behind, and those that want to work ahead will have the chance to. Schools need to be segregated by intelligence. As I am in high school now, that may skew my judgement, but I am sick of being put in classes with people who still can't read (an exaggeration, of course). The problem isn't so much that classes need to be segregated by ability because, quite frankly, they already are; there are remedial, normal, honors. It is imperative that students in high school be segregated by ability. Students with substantial intellectual abilities do not get the attention they long for.

3.What do you know about the forms of integrated-skill?

When we communicate, we often use more than a single language skill. On the telephone, for instance, we listen and speak-maybe we also write down a message and read over what we have written.

Integrated approach helps to build new knowledge and skills on to what students already know and can do. So, if students are able to read a short story, this skill will help them to write their own story.

Also, integrating the skills allows you to build in more variety into the lesson because the range of activities will be wider. Instead of just having listening, the students can have speaking, reading and writing practice. This can raise their motivation to learn English.

Above all, integrating the skills means that you are working at the level of realistic communication, which provides all-round development of communicative competence in English. Integration of the four skills is concerned with realistic communi­cation. This means that we are teaching at the discourse level, not just at the level of sentences or individual words and phrases. Discourse is a whole unit of communica­tive text, either spoken or written.

4.What is the communication signals?

Data communication is a process of transferring data electronically from one place to another. Data can be transferred by using different medium. The basic components of data communications are as follows:

Message


Sender

Receiver


Medium/ communication channel

Encoder and decoder

Signal is an electromagnetic or light wave that represents data. Signals are used to transfer data from one device to another through a communication medium.

Types of Signals

Different forms of communication signals are as follows:

1.Digital signals

2.Analog signals

Digital signal is a sequence of voltage represented in binary form. The digital signals are in the form of electrical pulses of ON and OFF. These signals are in discrete form. Digital signals are faster and efficient. They provide low error rates. They also provide high transmission speed and high-quality voice transmission.

Analog signal is a continuous electrical signal in the form of wave. The wave is known as carrier wave. Telephone line is most commonly used media for analog signals.

5.What do you know about Lexicon of speech acts?

The theory of speech acts is partly taxonomic and partly explanatory. It must systematically classify types of speech acts and the ways in which they can succeed or fail. It must reckon with the fact that the relationship between the words being used and the force of their utterance is often oblique. For example, the sentence 'This is a pig sty' might be used nonliterally to state that a certain room is messy and filthy and, further, to demand indirectly that it be straightened out and cleaned up. Even when this sentence is used literally and directly, say to describe a certain area of a barnyard, the content of its utterance is not fully determined by its linguistic meaning--in particular, the meaning of the word 'this' does not determine which area is being referred to. A major task for the theory of speech acts is to account for how speakers can succeed in what they do despite the various ways in which linguistic meaning underdetermines use.

Lexicon: consists of the collection of all the words that you know: what functions they serve, what they refer to, how they are pronounced, and how they are related to other words. Rules, stored in the form of a mental grammaroFor a linguist, grammar: a language system. It is the set of all the elements and rules. A rule is just statement of some pattern that occurs in language.

6.What do you know speech events?

Once you’ve dealt with all the fuss of pre-event marketing and registration processes, there is one more important task you need to take care of: saying hi to the guests. The way you welcome people on the ground not only sets the direction for whatever will happen after, but it also helps shape attendees’ attitudes to your event. A boring welcome speech may kill the anticipation, while an exciting opening speech for the event will drive excellent engagement. Unless you’re a real wordsmith, choosing the right words for your impactful speech can be challenging. You have to keep it short, but it’s critical to communicate the full message. You should tell people what they can expect, but you also have to make sure some mystery remains.

First of all, think about the anatomy of your speech. It’s always easier for any audience to consume a well-structured speech rather than just a set of words.

7.What is Haptics?

Haptics is the science and technology of transmitting and understanding information through touch. At its most basic, “haptic” means anything relating to the sense of touch. (It’s derived from the Greek word for touch.)

The definition of “haptics” in science and technology though, is more precise. It relates to the use of tactile sensations in interfaces. Haptics is the science and technology of transmitting and understanding information through the sense of touch.

The most well-known examples of haptics are probably the vibration in a mobile phone or the rumble in a game controller, but there are actually a huge variety of applications.

8.what is Proxemics?

Sociology, Psychology. the study of the spatial requirements of humans and animals and the effects of population density on behavior, communication, and social interaction. Proxemics is the study of human use of space and the effects that population density has on behaviour, communication, and social interaction.Proxemics is one among several subcategories in the study of nonverbal communication, including haptics (touch), kinesics (body movement), vocalics (paralanguage), and chronemics (structure of time).

9.what is chronemics

Chronemics can be briefly and generally defined as the study of human tempo as it related to human communication. More specifically, chronemics involves the study of both subjective and objective human tempos as they influence and are interdependent with human behavior. Further, chronemics involves the study of human communication as it relates to interdependent and integrated levels of time-experiencing. Previously, these interdependent and integrated levels have been outlined and discussed as: biological time; psychological time; social time; and cultural time. A number of classification systems exist in the literature of time. However, such systems are not applied to human interaction directly.Chronemics can be defined as "the interrelated observations and theories of man's use of time" – the way in which one perceives and values time, structures time, and reacts to time frames communication.

10.What can you say about Volume?

Volume is the number of shares or contracts traded in a security or an entire market during a given period of time. For every buyer, there is a seller, and each transaction contributes to the count of total volume. That is, when buyers and sellers agree to make a transaction at a certain price, it is considered one transaction. If only five transactions occur in a day, the volume for the day is five.Volume is the quantity of three-dimensional space enclosed by a closed surface, for example, the space that a substance (solid, liquid, gas, or plasma) or shape occupies or contains. Volume is often quantified numerically using the SI derived unit, the cubic metre. The volume of a container is generally understood to be the capacity of the container, the amount of fluid (gas or liquid) that the container could hold, rather than the amount of space the container itself displaces. Three dimensional mathematical shapes are also assigned volumes. Volumes of some simple shapes, such as regular, straight-edged, and circular shapes can be easily calculated using arithmetic formulas.

11.What is Pitch?

Pitch is one of the vital parts of speaking and listening in most languages in the world. As English is a language in which meaning changes according to the tone and intonation of the speech, pitch and its range are an important part of spoken English. Pitch matters both at the level of individual words and at the level of longer statements. I will focus on pitch and the functions of the pitch range in utterances in this article because this aspect of language can cause some problems in both speaking and listening.

In this article, I describe pitch, pitch range and its functions in utterances, and make suggestions for teachers on how to teach pitch to their upper intermediate students with exercises.Pitch is an important component of accentuation, or prominence, both at the level of individual words and at the level of longer utterances. The pitch of voice is determined by the frequency with which the vocal cords vibrate.

20.What can you say about conversational repair?

In conversation repair is the process by which a speaker recognizes a speech error and repeats what has been said with some sort of correction. Also called speech repair, conversational repair, self-repair, linguistic repair, reparation, false start, accommodation, and restart.

In conversation analysis, repair is the process by which a speaker recognizes a speech error and repeats what has been said with some sort of correction. Also called speech repair, conversational repair, self-repair, linguistic repair, reparation, false start, accommodation, and restart.

A linguistic repair may be marked by a hesitation and an editing term (such as, "I mean") and is sometimes regarded as a type of dysfluency.

The term repair in the linguistic sense was introduced by Victoria Fromkin in her article "The Non

Anomalous Nature of Anomalous Utterances," published in Language, March 1971.

Examples and Observations

"Well, I think it’s--you know, I think this has gone beyond, as it were, Al Qaida as a specific network. I mean, this is--there is no central command in this ideology, the way that, you know, you would normally describe one unit of--that leads an operation. It’s not like that."(Former British Prime Minister Tony Blair, CNN interview, Dec. 8, 2008)

"We don't really move. I mean, we'd like to, but my mom is sort of attached to the house. Attached is, I guess, not the right word. She's pretty much wedged in."

(Johnny Depp as Gilbert in What's Eating Gilbert Grape

If I need to stand up in front of an audience and give a speech and it's an audience full of educated people from all walks of life, then I would feel embarrassed about not using correct grammar. I wouldn't want to stand in front and say, 'She don't . . .' or "He don't . . ..' I wouldn't want to say that. But the thing is that I say it so much that it's like I know I would say it at a time that I probably shouldn't say it. But the thing is that what I try to do is when I say that in certain circles, I try to correct myself and I find myself thinking in the middle of my sentences, 'What word do I say next? Which verb agreement am I supposed to use?'

19..Communication strategies

Strategic communication can mean either communicating a concept, a process, or data that satisfies a long term strategic goal of an organization by allowing facilitation of advanced planning, or communicating over long distances usually using international telecommunications or dedicated global network assets to coordinate actions and activities of operationally significant commercial, non-commercial and military business or combat and logistic subunits. It can also mean the related function within an organization, which handles internal and external communication processes. Strategic communication can also be used for political warfare.

Strategic communication refers to policy-making and guidance for consistent information activity within an organization and between organizations. Equivalent business management terms are: integrated (marketing) communication, organizational communication, corporate communication, institutional communication, etc. (see paragraph on 'Commercial Application' below).

In the U.S. government context, strategic communication has been defined as "Focused United States Government efforts to understand and engage key audiences to create, strengthen, or preserve conditions favorable for the advancement of United States Government interests, policies, and objectives through the use of coordinated programs, plans, themes, messages, and products synchronized with the actions of all instruments of national power."

18/14Impromptu speech

Impromptu speaking is a speech that a person delivers without predetermination or preparation. The speaker is most commonly provided with their topic in the form of a quotation, but the topic may also be presented as an object, proverb, one-word abstract, or one of the many alternative possibilities.[1] While specific rules and norms vary with the organization and level of competition, the speeches tend to follow basic speech format and cover topics that are both humorous and profound.

Individual events in speech include public speaking, limited preparation, and acting and interpretation and are a part of forensics competitions. These events do not include the several different forms of debate offered by many tournaments. These events are called individual events because they tend to be done by one person unlike debate which often includes teams. This distinction however is not entirely accurate any more given the addition of duo interpretation events and forms of single person debate. Competitive speech competitions and debates comprise the area of forensics. Forensics leagues have a number of speech events, generally determined by geographical region or league preference. While there are several key events that have been around a long time, there are several experimental events around the country every year that can be limited to individual tournaments. Forensics leagues in the United States includes the National Speech and Debate Association, the National Christian Forensics and Communications Association, the American Forensics Association, the National Forensics Association, the Interstate Oratorical Association and Stoa USA. Organized competitions are held at the high-school and collegiate level. Outside of the rules for each event provided by the individual leagues, there are several cultural norms within each region that are not written into law but are almost always followed.[1] Rules for time limits vary by event and by individual tournaments, but there are penalties in every event for exceeding the time limits though the severity of the penalty widely varies.

15/17.Memorized speech

Giving a good speech is a kind of paradoxical task.

On the one hand, nobody likes a reader. If you’re looking down at your notes, or worse, simply reading off the slideshow, you seem unengaged and unprepared.

On the other hand, the speech should feel natural. Good speakers sound as if the words just came to them in a conversation, even though they probably practiced it thousands of times.

For an interesting dissection of this, consider this analysis of how the comedian Louis C.K. tells a joke. The delivery is so casual that you feel like you’re overhearing him chatting with a friend in a bar. Yet the timing is so perfect you know that he did this dozens, if not hundreds, of times to get it right.

That’s the paradox: you need to memorize a speech, without seeming like you memorized it.

Fortunately, there’s a method for doing this, that is useful to learn.

13.Extemporaneous

Extemporaneous speaking (extemp) is a limited-preparation speech event based on research and original analysis. Extemporaneous speaking is a competitive speaking event in the United States in both high school and college forensics competition. Extemporaneous speaking provides 30 minutes of preparation time, followed by a seven-minute speech. When preparation starts, speakers are offered three questions to answer. Questions are based on current affairs, and topic areas generally include international and domestic policy, economic policy, and social or scientific issues. Speakers generally speak persuasively, though some areas of the US offer informative speeches.

12.Rate


In mathematics, a rate is the ratio between two related quantities in different units. If the denominator of the ratio is expressed as a single unit of one of these quantities, and if it is assumed that this quantity can be changed systematically (i.e., is an independent variable), then the numerator of the ratio expresses the corresponding rate of change in the other (dependent) variable.

The most common type of rate is "per unit of time", such as speed, heart rate and flux. Ratios that have a non-time denominator include exchange rates, literacy rates and electric field (in volts/meter).

In describing the units of a rate, the word "per" is used to separate the units of the two measurements used to calculate the rate (for example a heart rate is expressed "beats per minute"). A rate defined using two numbers of the same units (such as tax rates) or counts (such as literacy rate) will result in a dimensionless quantity, which can be expressed as a percentage (for example, the global literacy rate in 1998 was 80%) or fraction or as a multiple.

16..Manuscript speech

Definition of Manuscript Speech

This is when a speaker reads a pre-written speech word by word to an audience.

It is when an already prepared script is read verbatim. The speaker makes the entire speech by referring to the printed document, or as seen on the teleprompter. It is basically an easy method of oral communication.

employed during official meetings, conferences, and in instances where the subject matter of the speech needs to be recorded. It is used especially when there is time constraint, and the content of the talk is of prime importance. Conveying precise and succinct messages is the inherent purpose of this speech. Public officials speaking at conferences, and their speech being telecast, is a pertinent example.

Examples

There can be various occasions where this style of speech is used. It depends on the context of the address, the purpose of communication, the target audience, and the intended impact of the speech. Even if it is understood to be a verbatim, manuscript speaking requires immense effort on the part of the speaker. Precision in the delivery comes not just with exact reading of the text, but with a complete understanding of the content, and the aim of the talk. We have witnessed this through many examples of eloquence, like the ones listed below.

A speech given by a Congressman on a legislative bill under consideration.

A report read out by a Chief Engineer at an Annual General Meeting.

A President's or Prime Minister's address to the Parliament of a foreign nation.

A televised news report (given using a teleprompter) seen on television.

A speech given at a wedding by a best man, or during a funeral.

A religious proclamation issued by any religious leader.



A speech in honor of a well-known and revered person.

Oral report of a given chapter in American history, presented as a high school assignment.
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