1. The Berlin Blockade lasted from



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Test: Berlin 1949-1961, the Wall
1. The Berlin Blockade lasted from:
A: 1946-7
B: 1947-8
C: 1948-9
D: 1949-50
2. After the Blockade, all Berliners could:
A: Not travel from East Berlin to West Berlin
B: Travel from one sector to another
C: Not travel from West Berlin to East Berlin
D: Travel to and from East Germany

3. In the 1950s West Berlin was very attractive to east Europeans because:
1: Pay was much higher than in the East
2: Sporting facilities were much better
3: Unemployment was lower
4: There were very few controls on people’s lives
A: 1 and 2 B: 1 and 3 C: 1 and 4 D: 2 and 4
4. Refugees began to flee from East to West because in the East:
1: The Communist Party dominated everyday life
2: Entertainment was strictly controlled
3: Consumer goods were of a better quality
4: The government encouraged emigration
A: 1 and 2 B: 1 and 3 C: 2 and 3 D: 3 and 4
5. Most refugees from the East came to West Berlin because:
A: It was nearest to Moscow
B: The underground trains ran from East to West
C: The people spoke German
D: It was the only gap in the Iron Curtain

6. Refugees from the East were most likely to be:
A: Actors, musicians and singers
B: Doctors, scientists and engineers
C: Sailors, soldiers and pilots
D: Shop-workers, bus drivers and civil servants

7. Between 1949 and 1961 the number of people who fled to the West was:
A: 100,000
B: 1,250,000
C: 2,500,000
D: 5,000,000
8. West Berlin was also:
1: The most important source of consumer goods for eastern Europe
2: The most usual route for spies from the West to cross behind the Iron Curtain
3: A valuable source of information for the West about life in the East
4: A place where doctors from the East could come to train
A: 1 and 2 B: 1 and 3 C: 2 and 3 D: 2 and 4

9. In the late 1950s Khrushchev began to try to stop refugees leaving the East because:


A: The population of East Berlin was falling
B: The East could not afford to lose large numbers of skilled people
C: Shops in East Berlin were being forced to close
D: The East German army was running short of recruits

10. In November 1958 Khrushchev called for the western Allies to:
A: Leave West Berlin
B: Stop refugees trying to cross into West Berlin
C: Restrict the number of flights to West Berlin
D: Allow East German police into West Berlin
11. The West’s response to Khrushchev’s demands was to call for:
A: A slow down in the number of refugees
B: Increased access to West Berlin
C: A reduction in the number of Soviet troops in East Berlin
D: Talks on reunification of Germany

12. In 1960 Khrushchev:


1: Ordered border guards to stop cars travelling from West Germany to West Berlin
2: Stopped East Berliners from visiting the West
3: Threatened another Blockade of West Berlin
4: Forced West Berliners to obtain a pass if they wanted to visit East Berlin
A: 1 and 2 B: 1 and 3 C: 2 and 3 D: 3 and 4

13. Khrushchev ordered the building of the Berlin Wall in:


A: September 1960
B: January 1961
C: August 1961
D: May 1962

14. The main reason for building the Wall was to:


A: Stop West Berliners crossing into the East
B: Stop refugees crossing into West Berlin
C: Stop western goods entering the East
D: Stop goods from the East being sold in the West

15. Khrushchev thought that he could get away with building the Wall because:


1: Kennedy had just been elected US President
2: He believed that Kennedy was inexperienced and weak
3: Kennedy had been made to look a fool by the Bay of Pigs
4: The USA was bogged down in the Vietnam War
A: 1 and 2 B: 1 and 3 C: 2 and 3 D: 2 and 4
16. Kennedy’s response to the building of the Berlin Wall was to:
A: Increase the number of US troops in West Berlin
B: Order an increase in the US defence budget
C: Threaten the USSR with a missile attack
D: Send US missiles to Turkey

17. The Berlin Wall remained in place until:


A: November 1989
B: November 1990
C: November 1991
D: November 1992
18. The number of people who escaped from East Berlin after the Wall was built was:
A: About 30
B: About 300
C: About 1,000
D: About 3,000
19. Which of the following were not used by escapers from East Berlin?
1: Submarines
2: Surfboards
3: Skis
4: Suitcases
A: 1 and 2 B: 1 and 3 C: 2 and 4 D: 3 and 4
20. The main crossing point between East and West Berlin was:
A: Checkpoint Charlie
B: The Glynicke Bridge
C: The Brandenburg Gate
D: Unter den Linden

London Revision Test Teachers’ Answer Sheet: Berlin 1949-1961





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